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         Macular Degeneration:     more books (101)
  1. Macular degeneration and Alzheimer's may be linked: eye disease may share a common pathway with AD.: An article from: Mind, Mood & Memory by Unavailable, 2009-10-01
  2. Estrogen exposures had mixed role in age-related macular degeneration risk.(Clinical Rounds): An article from: OB GYN News by Mark S. Lesney, 2008-05-01
  3. Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health: Macular degeneration by Mary Bekker, 2002-01-01
  4. Age-related Macular Degeneration And Lutein: Assessing the Evidence (Round Table Series) by S. Pratt, 2002-09
  5. Macular degeneration (Postgraduate Medicine) by JTE Multimedia, 2010-05-27
  6. Help for aging eyes.(MEDICAL MAILBOX)(macular degeneration)(Brief article): An article from: Saturday Evening Post by Gale Reference Team, 2008-11-01
  7. Mayo Clinic On Vision And Eye Health: Practical Answers on Glaucoma, Cataracts, Macular Degeneration & Other Conditions (MAYO CLINIC ON SERIES) by Mayo Clinic, 2002
  8. Macular Degeneration Medical Guide by Qontro Medical Guides, 2008-07-09
  9. Macular Degeneration; Key Q&A.: An article from: NWHRC Health Center - Macular Degeneration by Gale Reference Team, 2005-12-16
  10. Tiny telescope may help in macular degeneration.(Geriatrics): An article from: Internal Medicine News by Jane Salodof MacNeil, 2005-01-01
  11. Age Related Macular Degeneration: What You Should Know by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.National Institutes of Health.National Eye Institute., 2003
  12. 2009 Conquering Macular Degeneration - The Empowered Patient's Complete Reference - Diagnosis, Treatment Options, Prognosis (Two CD-ROM Set) by PM Medical Health News, 2009-04-14
  13. Macular Degeneration & Other Diseases Of The Aging Eye "Diagnosis And Treatment --2006 publication. by Cole Eye Institute - The Cleveland Clinic, 2006
  14. Looking into our eyes: if you're approaching 50, you should know about macular degeneration.(VITAL SIGNS): An article from: Sarasota Magazine by Su Byron, 2007-06-22

121. Macular Degeneration (Age-Related Type) - Senior Health, Aging And Elder Care He
Medical Information about Senior Health and Aging. Medical information writtenand reviewed by medical doctors specializing in aging.
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Macular Degeneration
(Age-Related Type)
What is macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration is a disease that affects central vision and leads to loss of vision. Although there are forms of macular degeneration that strike young people, the condition occurs most commonly in people who are over 60 years of age. This disorder is thus called age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Age-related macular degeneration was formerly called "senile macular degeneration." This term was misinterpreted by many senior citizens as an unflattering reference and it has been discarded. "Senile" has been replaced by "age-related." Does age-related macular degeneration cause blindness?
As a general rule, no. Because only the center of a person's vision is usually affected, blindness rarely occurs from the disease. However, injury to the macula in the center of the retina can destroy the ability to see straight ahead clearly. Therefore, AMD can sometimes make it difficult to read, drive, or perform other daily activities that require fine central vision. What is the macula?

122. Ophthalmologist - Eye Doctor Jamaica Hillside Flushing Queens New York
Specializing in comprehensive eye exams, contact lenses, glasses, glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and other procedures.
specializing in comprehensive eye exams, contact lenses, glasses,glaucoma, cataracts,diabetic retinopathy,macular degeneration
WELCOME Home General information Eye examinations Contact Lenses ... Facelift Thank you for visiting our web site! We will provide you with information regarding your eye care. At our eye care center we have been providing Jamaica, Hillside, Flushing, Queens and the surrounding area with a wide array of ophthalmic services such as comprehensive eye examinations, replacement contact lenses and contact lens fitting, low vision evaluation, glaucoma care and laser treatment, cataract surgery, diabetic retinopathy evaluation and laser treatment, macular degeneration diagnosis and preventive measures, refractive surgery for nearsightedness, astigmatism and farsightedness (LASIK), ophthalmic second opinions. At our state of the art optical dispensary department we provide a wide array of designer frames, sun glasses and optical accessories for adults and children. Additionally, we offer specialty products including: sports glasses, diving glasses and magnifiers. We also offer quality craftsmanship with our own in-house optical lab. Please come in and browse our frame selections. Our goal is to provide professional, progressive state-of-the-art eyecare in a friendly and personalized atmosphere for the welfare of our patients. Dr. Peter Fleming and staff take as much time as necessary to address your questions and concerns

123. Welcome To NHS Direct Online
macular degeneration is a painless disorder that affects the macular, the centralpart of the retina in macular degeneration is more common in females.

124. Treating Macular Degeneration With Acupuncture
Details on treatment and explanations of related terms.

125. BBC NEWS | Health | Medical Notes | A-B | Age-related Macular Degeneration
Agerelated macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness. It isjust one form of macular disease, which affects the eye s retina.


World Service
... Help [an error occurred while processing this directive] Last Updated: Thursday, 13 June, 2002, 12:35 GMT 13:35 UK E-mail this to a friend Printable version Age-related macular degeneration
AMD is the leading cause of blindness Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness. It is just one form of macular disease, which affects the eye's retina. An estimated 500,000 people in the UK suffer from AMD, 40% of these are over the age of 75. What is AMD?
AMD is the most common form of macular disease, which affects the central part of the retina. It is an age-related process and usually develops after a person reaches 50 years. It generally involves both eyes, although they may not be affected at the same time or to the same degree. Some 90% of these cases are dry AMD which cannot be treated but 10% are wet ADM. Dry AMD means visual cells simply stop to function. Wet AMD is by far the most aggressive form of the disease. The condition is caused by the growth of new blood vessels under the centre of the retina.

126. AllRefer Health - Macular Degeneration (Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD O
macular degeneration (AgeRelated macular degeneration (ARMD or AMD), Senilemacular degeneration (SMD)) information center covers causes, prevention,

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Web You are here : Health Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration
Definition Prevention

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Alternate Names : Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD or AMD), Senile Macular Degeneration (SMD) Definition Macular degeneration is a disorder that affects the macula (the central part of the retina of the eye) causing decreased visual acuity and possible loss of central vision.
Macular Degeneration
Retina The macula is the part of the retina that allows the eye to see fine details at the center of the field of vision. Degeneration results from a partial breakdown of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The RPE is the insulating layer between the retina and the choroid (the layer of blood vessels behind the retina). The RPE acts as a selective filter to determine what nutrients reach the retina from the choroid. Many components of blood are harmful to the retina and are kept away from the retina by normal RPE.

127. Manatee Sarasota Eye Clinic & Laser Center
Information and video. Covers the main condition, macular holes, epiretinal membranes, PDT laser therapy, and vitrectomy surgery.
The Retina Is Responsible For The Sensation Of Vision The retina is the thin, delicate lining of the inside back wall of the eye. The retina is responsible for the sensation of vision. Similar to the film of a camera, it captures focused images and sends the information via the optic nerve to the brain which processes the information. Without the retina, you would not see. The center of the retina, the macula, is used for detailed work and reading. The surrounding portion of the retina is responsible for peripheral vision. Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), is a deterioration of the macula that results in impaired central vision. ARMD is the number one cause of blindness in those over age 55. Factors that increase the chance of having macular degeneration include age, fair complexion, female gender, smoking and heart disease. A large, well-designed study (age-related eye disease) has concluded that high levels of

128. Prevent Blindness America - Age Related Macular Degeneration
Prevent Blindness America is the nation s leading volunteer eye health and safetyorganization dedicated to fighting blindness and saving sight.


and AMD

Frequently Asked Questions about AMD
(Age-Related Macular Degeneration) Q: What is AMD? A: The initials AMD stand for a disorder called age-related macular degeneration. AMD is a disease that affects part of the back of the eye called the macula, the central part of the retina. This can cause the center part of your vision to become blurry or wavy. It could also cause a blind spot in the center of your vision. Q: What are the types of AMD? A: There are two types of AMD. "Wet" AMD This type of AMD causes the most serious vision loss. In this form of the disease, tiny unhealthy blood vessels grow under the retina. These blood vessels often break and leak, causing a loss in vision. "Dry" AMD This type of AMD is the most common form of the disease. It usually progresses more slowly than "wet" AMD. Q: Am I at risk for AMD?

129. Age-related Macular Degeneration
Overview with illustrations and photos of both the dry and wet versions of agerelated macular degeneration.

130. Macular Degeneration/Dystrophies
Vision loss from macular degeneration is much more than just a loss of macular degeneration patients develop small areas of vision loss or blindness.

131. Macular Degeneration, Tom's Condition
A website with information about macular degeneration. Features a personal essay about my ongoing confrontation with this disease.
as of 5-20-2003
My eyesight began another downward spiral around October of 2002. In a recent visit to Retinal Associates in Little Rock, my vision had deteriorated to greater than 20/400 in my left eye and 20/200 in my right eye. On May 13, the Retinal Specialist at the VA Hospital in Little Rock got the same visual acuity results and noted that the lesion in my right eye has doubled since my last visit and the one in my left eye is about the same. He confirmed diagnosis of adult vitelliform dystrophy with progressive visual impairment. He has recommended me for low vision evaluation at the Little Rock VA Vision Clinic while I await approval for the Blind Rehab Center in Birmingham, Alabama. I was diagnosed with macular generation at the age of 45 I've been seen by the VA Hospital retinal specialists and several civilian retinal specialists They cannot seem to agree on an accurate diagnosis. Some say Best's Disease, some have said that I have an unspecified type of drusen affecting my macular region. All I know is that whatever the epidemiology of my eye "disease" it has drastically changed my lifestyle and put a serious damper on my personal freedom.

132. Treatment Of Macular Degeneration, Mayo Clinic In Rochester, Minn.
Treatment of macular degeneration at Mayo Clinic at Mayo Clinic.
Home About Mayo Clinic Jobs Contact Us Mayo Clinic Locations: Arizona Florida Minnesota Mayo Clinic ... Medical Services Macular Degeneration Macular Degeneration Treatment Types of Macular Degeneration Photodynamic Therapy Appointments ... Medical Services
Treatment of Macular Degeneration at Mayo Clinic in Rochester
(Synonyms: wet macular degeneration, dry macular degeneration) How a patient with macular degeneration might see the world. Deposits form and blood vessels grow in the macular region between the retina and its supporting layer of tissue.
Treating Dry ARMD

Treating Wet ARMD

Conventional Thermal Laser Treatment

Photodynamic Therapy
Once Vision is Lost

Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the most common cause of legal blindness in individuals age 50 and older in the United States. The disease may cause severe loss of central vision while the peripheral vision remains unaffected. Because central vision is essential for activities such as reading, recognizing people's faces or driving a car, the disease can dramatically impact patients' lives. ARMD is grouped into two types

133. Vitamin A: A Role In Macular Degeneration And Fractures
Vitamin A may help slow the progression of macular degeneration, but could also increase the risk of fractures. Dr. Julie Mitchell discusses how to balance competing risks in preventive care.
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Vitamin A: A Role in Macular Degeneration and Fractures
Q: A:
First, let me explain macular degeneration for our readers who aren't familiar with the condition. The macula is a very sensitive area located in the center of the retina. The retina, of course, is the tissue at the back of the eye that converts the light and images we see into electrical impulses and sends these nerve signals to the brain, where we interpret them visually. Macular degeneration refers to the deterioration of the macula, which can lead to vision loss. Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) occurs in two forms: dry and wet. Dry ARMD occurs when the light-sensitive cells in the macula slowly break down, gradually blurring central vision in the affected eye. As dry ARMD gets worse, you may see a blurred spot in the center of your vision. Over time, as less of the macula functions, central vision in the affected eye can be lost gradually. You may notice you have difficulty recognizing faces, or need more light for reading and other tasks. Dry ARMD generally affects both eyes, but vision can be lost in one eye while the other eye seems unaffected. One of the most common early signs of dry ARMD is drusen. Drusen are yellow deposits under the retina. They often are found in people over age 60. Your eye care professional can detect drusen during a comprehensive dilated eye exam.

134. SUNY State College Of Optometry: Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
Age Related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in America . Central vision that is lost to macular degeneration cannot be restored.
University Optometric Center
33 West 42nd Street
at Bryant Park
New York, NY 10036
Patient Education Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)
What Is ARMD?
Age Related Macular Degeneration
is the leading cause of blindness in America. It is a disease that affects the macula, the central area of the retina responsible for fine, detailed vision (i.e. reading, driving, recognizing faces, watching TV). As we age, the macula thins and deposits called drusen are formed. There are 3 types of ARMD:
  • "Dry" , or atrophic; a slow, degenerative process with gradual vision loss over many years. "Wet" , which occurs suddenly. Symptoms include blurry vision, or straight lines appearing distorted. "PED" , or Pigment Epithelial Detachment, where blister-like lesions form under the macula and fill with blood.
What Causes ARMD?
Unfortunately, the precise cause of this disease is still unknown, but researchers have determined that heredity, bright sunlight, hypertension and exposure to tobacco smoke are all contributing factors in the progression of the disease.
How Is ARMD Detected?

135. Macular Degeneration - ARMD
macular degeneration facts including causes, prevention, treatment photographs and illustrations.
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Age-related Macular Degeneration Information
What is age-related macular degeneration? Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that blurs the sharp, central vision you need for "straight-ahead" activities such as reading, sewing, and driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. ( See diagram below .) AMD causes no pain. In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that people notice little change in their visual acuity . In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of vision in both eyes. AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 years of age and older. Where is the macula? The macula is a small, highly sensitive area located in the center of the retina , the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina instantly converts light, or an image, into electrical impulses. The retina then sends these impulses, or nerve signals, to the brain where they are interpreted as an image. Are there different forms of AMD?

136. Macular Degeneration
As life expectancy increases, agerelated macular degeneration is becoming macular degeneration affects the macula, the tiny central area of the retina.
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Macular Degeneration (Espanol-click)
Last Updated: 10/01/87
Created: 10/01/87
Revised: Deterioration of vision with advancing age is a phenomenon as old as human civilization. Today the most common cause of severe visual loss among people over 65 is age-related macular degeneration (formerly known as senile macular degeneration). For people 52 to 64 years of age, this eye disease affects 1 in 50; for people aged 65 to 74, the prevalence increases to 1 in 10; and for those between 75 and 85, 1 in 3 has the disease. As life expectancy increases, age-related macular degeneration is becoming an increasingly important public health problem - especially since it most often affects both eyes. Macular degeneration affects the macula, the tiny central area of the retina. The macula provides central vision, which is essential for seeing fine detail, looking straight at an object, reading, and driving. Although patients with macular degeneration retain their peripheral, or side, vision, the absence of central vision can be a severe handicap. Age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of legal blindness, one of the criteria being central vision of 20/200 or worse in the better eye with corrective eyeglasses.
Symptoms and diagnosis Patients with macular degeneration are frequently aware of a problem early in the course of the disease. They may complain that their vision has become blurry or distorted or that their reading ability has decreased and words seem to crowd together. Many then consult an eye doctor for new eyeglasses but find that glasses do not help.

137. How Does Macular Degeneration Affect Your Vision?
A simulation is designed to give patients and their caregivers a better understanding of the possible progression of the disease.

138. Macula Vision Research Foundation: Home
and people who care about people with macular degeneration. macular degenerationis the leading cause of severe and irreversible loss of central vision
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Macula Vision Research Foundation
100% of every dollar that you donate goes directly to macular degeneration research and public education programs. Donate Now
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The Macula Vision Research Foundation's web site is a site for people with macular degeneration, and people who care about people with macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe and irreversible loss of central vision in people over 60.
September 1, 2005:
Preliminary Clinical Trial Results Seem Promising for Those with Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Breaking News: July 2005 A column in the July 19, 2005 Wall Street Journal announced that Genentech's experimental drug Lucentis proved capable of improving vision in patients with a form of age-related macular degeneration. The information from 716 patients in a one-year trial showed Lucentis improved vision by more than 15 letters or three lines on an ophthalmologist's eye chart in 25% to 34% of patients depending on the drug dosage. Only 5% of patients receiving a placebo saw vision improve by that amount. Overall, on average, patients treated with Lucentis gained seven letters in visual acuity, while the placebo group lost 11 letters. Although we know there is a long way to go, we are very pleased that progress is being made. Please help the Foundation move macular degeneration research forward by

139. Macular Degeneration FAQ
Q What is macular degeneration? Fundus photo showing normal macula. A Maculardegeneration is a broad term describing diseases that lead to a loss of
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Macular Degeneration Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is macular degeneration? A: Macular degeneration is a broad term describing diseases that lead to a loss of central vision. Some of these diseases affect the macula directly, while age related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the layer under the macula known as the retinal pigment epithelium, or RPE. Note that the conditions called macular hole and epimacular membrane (also called "macular pucker", "wrinkling", or "cellophane") are not macular degeneration. Q: Can macular degeneration cause blindness? A: It cannot cause total blindness. It can only cause loss of central vision. The amount of vision loss from macular degeneration varies quite a bit from patient to patient, and is not predictable. It can cause legal blindness, defined as 20/200 or worse best corrected visual acuity.

140. Macular Degeneration
Online health news and information for consumers.
Macular Degeneration
It's normal for our vision to change as we get older. But some of the changes that occur can indicate serious underlying problems. (Read about " The Eye ") The National Institute on Aging (NIA) says one of the most common causes of severe vision loss for people over the age of 65 is age-related macular degeneration. The macula, in the central part of the retina, is what lets us see things in the middle of our field of vision. In the most common type of age-related macular degeneration (the "dry" form), the macula thins, leading to some loss of vision. The second form of age-related macular degeneration (the "wet" form) occurs in about ten percent of the cases. In this less common but more serious disorder, new blood vessels grow beneath the retina and leak, creating a blind spot in the middle of your field of vision. The vast majority of cases of macular degeneration occur in people over the age of 60. But it can also occur in children. The MD Foundation, Inc. says even infants and young children can develop juvenile macular degeneration, an inherited disorder, caused by mutated genes. Macular Degeneration International (MDI) says juvenile or early-onset macular degeneration affects between 30,000 and 50,000 people in the U.S. Juvenile macular degeneration is also known as Stargardt's disease. Symptoms Although the symptoms of macular degeneration can develop earlier, NIA says that it is by far the most common in people over the age of 60. Symptoms to watch out for include:

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