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         Hantavirus:     more books (77)
  1. The hantavirus - an old enemy with a new look.: An article from: Medical Update
  2. Hantavirus infections: An entry from Thomson Gale's <i>Gale Encyclopedia of Science, 3rd ed.</i> by Brian Hoyle, 2004
  3. Hantavirus survivors have long-term pulmonary, renal complications.(Infectious Diseases): An article from: Family Practice News
  4. HANTAVIRUS: An entry from Charles Scribner's Sons' <i>Dictionary of American History</i> by D. George Joseph, 2003
  5. WOMAN SAYS SQUIRRELS SOURCE OF HANTAVIRUS.(Main): An article from: The Santa Fe New Mexican (Santa Fe, NM) by Gale Reference Team, 2008-08-29
  6. Hantavirus and arenavirus antibodies in persons with occupational rodent exposure, North America.(RESEARCH): An article from: Emerging Infectious Diseases by Charles F. Fulhorst, Mary Louise Milazzo, et all 2007-04-01
  7. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Central Plateau, Southeastern, and Southern Brazil.(RESEARCH)(Report): An article from: Emerging Infectious Diseases by Luiz T.M. Figueiredo, Marcos L. Moreli, et all 2009-04-01
  8. Hantavirus in the Americas: Guidelines for Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Control (Series TP 47) by Paho, 1999-04-01
  9. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine: Hantavirus infections by Janie F. Franz, 2002-01-01
  10. 21st Century Complete Medical Guide to Hantavirus, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), Rodent Illness and Control, Authoritative Government Documents, ... for Patients and Physicians (CD-ROM) by PM Medical Health News, 2004-04-16
  11. Determination of hantavirus distribution in northeast Missouri small mammal communities.(Abstract): An article from: Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science by Shawna A. Cooper, M. Scott Burt, et all 2005-01-01
  12. Lipid changes may predict severity of hantavirus infection.(Infectious Diseases): An article from: Family Practice News by Bruce Jancin, 2006-09-01
  13. Seoul virus and hantavirus disease, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.(RESEARCH): An article from: Emerging Infectious Diseases by Yong-Zhen Zhang, Xue Dong, et all 2009-02-01
  14. Cross-sectional survey of hantavirus infection, Brazil.(DISPATCHES)(Survey): An article from: Emerging Infectious Diseases by Jean E. Limongi, Fabiola C. da Costa, et all 2009-12-01

21. Hantavirus Fact Sheet
Amebiasis is an intestinal infection caused by a parasite, Entamoeba histolytica. The parasite produces cysts (eggs) which are passed from the body in the
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Hantavirus fact sheet
What is hantavirus?
What are the symptoms? How is a person exposed? What does the deer mouse look like? ... How do I clean where mice have fed or nested?
What is hantavirus?
  • It is a virus that causes a rare, newly described disease, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), a form of adult respiratory disease syndrome. HPS was first reported in the United States in the spring of 1993.
  • As of December, 1999, twenty one cases had been reported in Washington. Cases were reported in Lincoln, Adams, Lewis, Yakima, Stevens, Grant, Franklin, Snohomish and King counties.
What are the symptoms?

22. Zoonosis Program - Disease Control And Environmental Epidemiology
Factsheets on hantavirus, west nile virus, plague, rabies, and tickborne diseases.
Department Home About the Department Certificates Environment Index ... Regulations
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Disease Control and Environmental Epidemiology Division
Zoonotic Diseases
Zoonoses Control staff monitors diseases which are transmitted from animals to humans. The staff conducts statewide surveillance, control and educational programs, investigates cases of these diseases and provides consultation on the treatment of animal bites. In Colorado, these include, but are not limited to: Hantavirus, Plague, Tick-Borne Disease, Colorado tick fever, Rabies and Tularemia.
Specific disease information:
West Nile Virus and Other Mosquito-Borne Diseases (Encephalitis)
Rabies ...
Tick-Borne Diseases
Much of the information on the above pages is provided in Adobe Portable Document Format (pdf) . This can be directly downloaded and stored on your disk or viewed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free program available on the Adobe Inc. Website

23. OSH Answers Hantavirus
How can hantavirus enter my body? What occupations are at risk? How can we prevent exposure to hantavirus?

24. OSH Answers: Hantavirus
How can hantavirus enter my body? What occupations are at risk? How can we prevent exposure to hantavirus?
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety Contact Us Help Canada Site Web Info Service ... Shop@CCOHS Hantavirus What is Hantavirus? How can Hantavirus enter my body? How does Hantavirus affect my health? What occupations are at risk? ... Where can I get more information? OSH Answers Feedback Printer Friendly Layout Inquiries Service
The Inquiries Service at CCOHS answers questions on the health or safety concerns people have about the work they do. More on Inquiries Service
Printer Friendly Layout Biological Hazards Hantavirus
What is Hantavirus?
Hantavirus is a virus that is found in the urine, saliva, or droppings of infected deer mice and some other wild rodents. It causes a rare but serious lung disease called Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). How can Hantavirus enter my body? People can contract the Hantavirus infection through inhalation of respirable droplets of saliva or urine, or through the dust of feces from infected wild rodents, especially the deer mouse. Transmission can also occur when contaminated material gets into broken skin, or possibly, ingested in contaminated food or water. Person-to-person transmission in North America has not been reported. A recent outbreak of 18 cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in South America strongly suggests person-to-person transmission. However, the viruses isolated in South America are genetically distinct from those described in North America. How does Hantavirus affect my health?

25. Fundación Mundo Sano
Informaci³n sobre diversas enfermedades transmisibles leishmaniasis, hantavirus , SIDA/HIV, Chagas, dengue, clamidiasis, malaria, paludismo, leptospirosis, salmonelosis, fiebre hemorr¡gica, estrogiloidiasis, criptococosis y borreliosis de Lyme.
Convocatoria Fondos RELCOV 2005 para incentivo a las investigaciones en Dengue, Enfermedad de Chagas y Malaria.
Fecha de cierre de convocatoria: 30 de Septiembre
Revista Perspectivas de Salud sobre los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio
Carrera Carrera de Especialista en Enfermedades Infecciosas. Sede Buenos Aires
Zoonosis Grandes chicos : Un libro solidario Encefalitis: el Ministerio de Salud de Córdoba dará "un alerta epidemiológico". Participantes firmando la carta. Los brotes se produjeron en dos regiones de los Urales, con lo que se confirma que el virus se expande al oeste de Rusia y amenaza con llegar a Europa. Nuevos libros "ACERCA DEL RIESGO.

26. Hantavirus What Is It And What Can Be Done About It?, From The
The history and diagnosis of hantavirus and how to avoid infection

27. Safety And Health Topics: Hantavirus
hantavirus Public Safety and Health Topic Page. Hazard Recognition, What is hantavirus and what workers are at risk? Hazard Recognition
U.S. Department of Labor MyOSHA [skip navigational links] Search Advanced Search A-Z Index Safety and Health Topics Hantavirus Hantaviruses are transmitted to humans from the dried droppings, urine, or saliva of mice and rats. The disease begins as a flu-like illness characterized by fever, chills, and muscle aches, but it can rapidly progress to a life-threatening condition marked by respiratory failure as the lungs fill with fluid. Animal laboratory workers and persons working in infested buildings are at increased risk to this disease, particularly during dusty clean-up activities.
The following questions link to information relevant to hantavirus hazards in the workplace.
What OSHA standards apply?

What is hantavirus and what workers are at risk?

How is hantavirus diagnosed and treated?

How can hantavirus be controlled and prevented?
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28. Home - American Lung Association Site
Factsheet with causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

The American Lung Association Increases Services and Support for Victims of Hurricane Katrina
What are the lung health risks of hurricane recovery? Sign up for our Indoor Air E-newsletter and stay informed. Hurricane Katrina Recovery Resources As Fall Approaches, American Lung Association Calls on Parents, Teachers, and Guardians to Be More Vigilant About Managing Kids' Asthma Health Groups File Brief Urging Tougher Remedies in Tobacco Lawsuit Groups Seek More Marketing Restrictions, Increased Funds for Cessation and Prevention American Lung Association Applauds Court Ruling in Favor of truth® Smoking Ads Campaign will continue to protect children, save lives Statement by John L. Kirkwood, President and CEO 2nd Competition for the Lung Cancer Discovery Award Applications due September 30th, 2005 More States Go Smokefree, Increase Cigarette Taxes As Momentum Builds for Combatting Tobacco Use In Memory of Peter Jennings Post Your Thoughts Facts About Lung Cancer Need Help Quitting Smoking? Join our free online smoking cessation program Sign up for our newest e-newsletter: The Promise of Research Candy-Flavored Cigarettes Try to Make Tobacco a Sweet Treat for Kids Research shows that most smokers of candy-flavored cigarettes are under 25 Lung Association Applauds Justice Department For Seeking Full $280 Billion from Tobacco Industry Urges Vigorous Pursuit of All Remedies Statement by John L. Kirkwood, President and CEO

29. Nebraska HHS System Report On Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome What is hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?

30. DAAC Study Hantavirus Risk Maps
Satellite and ground truth data help scientists predict the risk of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

31. Hantavirus: What Is It And What Can Be Done About It?, From The MSU Extension Se
The history and diagnosis of hantavirus and how to avoid infection.
Fact Sheet
#9404/Human Resources
from the Montana State University Extension Service Reprinted May 2004
The history and diagnosis of hantavirus and how to avoid infection Would you like us to send you a paper copy of this publication? Send your name, address and $1 to: MSU Extension Publications
PO Box 172040
Bozeman, MT 59717

Be sure to specify which publication you want!
The Montana State University Extension Service is an educational resource dedicated to improving the quality of people's lives by providing research-based knowledge to strengthen the social, economic and environmental well-being of families, communities and agricultural enterprises. Take a look at more of our free publications or visit the Montana State University home page. Would you like to be notified by email when we post more MontGuide fact sheets to the Web?
Send your email address to: Would you rather have this MontGuide in a PDF format viewable with Adobe Acrobat Reader? Hantavirus: What is it and what can be done about it?

32. Emerging Virus Research Center
At the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. Includes diagnostic testing and disease information and links.
UNM Homepage UNM Health Sciences Center UNM Pathology Department Home Emerging Viruses Research Center
Hantavirus Reference Laboratory
Lab History
Diagnostic Testing

Genetic Vaccine Trials Center

Molecular Epidemiology
Lab Personnel

Brian Hjelle's Laboratory Department of Pathology
BMSB 337
University of New Mexico
School of Medicine
915 Camino de Salud NE Albuquerque, NM 87131-5301 The Hjelle laboratory studies the evolutionary biology, vector biology, genetics, pathogenesis, immunology, replication, epidemiology and diagnosis of emerging viruses. We are most active in the study of zoonotic viruses (especially hantaviruses) but also have programs studying the pathogenesis and epidemiology of human T cell leukemia/lymphoma viruses (HTLVs vaccines against emerging viruses. Because we have amassed extensive experience and a large array of diagnostic antigens, we have become the major reference center for the Western Hemisphere for rapid and accurate hantavirus diagnosis. Email

33. DAAC Study: Hantavirus Risk Maps
How can you minimize your risk of contracting hantavirus? The hantavirus risk map project used satellite data archived at the EROS Data Center.
by Michon Scott
February 5, 2002
The deer mouse (shown here) and the white-footed mouse (shown in the title graphic), carry viruses that can lead to hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (Images courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
How can you minimize your risk of contracting hantavirus? Following these precautions may help:
Make your home and workplace uninviting to rodents. Avoid leaving food where they can find it, and seal openings to your home with insulation and wire mesh.
Avoid camping in trail shelters that may be rodent-infested.
Refrain from stirring up dust, especially if you are entering a building or room that has been closed up for an extended period.
If you find rodent droppings, don't sweep! Instead, carefully wet the area with detergent or disinfectant, pick up the contaminated materials with a damp towel, then mop or sponge the area with disinfectant.
This image shows the relative size of deer mouse and white-footed mouse scat, compared with that of a cockroach and roof rat. (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
For more information, see

34. FASEB Breakthroughs Essay - The Hantavirus
The new hantavirus appeared not to harm the deer mice, but once excreted it dried, Discovery of a new hantavirus involved teamwork among clinicians,
...their importance to society
Serendipity, Science, and a New Hantavirus
by Sylvia Wrobel
Reprinted from The FASEB Journal , Vol. 9, October 1995. This essay follows a team of scientific investigators step by intriguing step as it pursues the cause of the mysterious 1993 deaths of healthy young adults in the southwestern United States. Using the science of the day, the team unravels the elusive origin of a potentially widespread killer- - tracking a new hantavirus to its home, tracing its lineage, and differentiating its DNA from the large hantavirus family. This is the first in a series. It took months to find the unknown bacteria that struck down Legionnaires gathered for a meeting in a pleasant hotel, years to find the unknown virus causing AIDS. Yet when healthy young people began dying in the Four Corners area of the American Southwest in 1993, from a cause not known, in an epidemic whose potential scope could only be guessed, pieces of the puzzle fell into place in 4 weeks. They were dying because of a previously unrecognized form of an old and unlikely virus, carried by the sweet- faced, big- eared deer mice that thrive in virtually all parts of North America. The new hantavirus appeared not to harm the deer mice, but once excreted it dried, became aerosolized, and simply lay there, where it could be breathed by any humans who unknowingly disturbed the contaminated dust. Within weeks scientists knew where this new virus lived, its lineage, how its DNA differed from various cousins in the large hantavirus clan, and how it worked. Within 6 months they were able to culture and grow the virus itself and create diagnostic tests.

35. Hantavirus - Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), regulated under Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) legislation, for chemical products have been
Home Material Safety Data Sheets - Infectious Substances MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT NAME: Hantavirus SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), hemorrhagic nephrosonephritis, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, Korean hemorrhagic fever, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), CHARACTERISTICS: 3 segmented spherical to oval enveloped virus particles 80 - 115 nm in diameter. Bunyaviridae ; single stranded, negative sense RNA genome; 25 antigenically distinguishable viral species SECTION II - HEALTH HAZARD PATHOGENICITY: HFRS characterized by an abrupt onset of fever lasting 3-8 days, conjunctival injection, prostration, lower back pain, headache, abdominal pains, anorexia and vomiting; hemorrhagic manifestation appears from third to sixth day, followed by proteinuria, hypotension and shock; fatality (5-15%) occurs during the hypotension and oliguric phase, Hantaan virus (HFRS) causes most severe form of HFRS; HPS characterized by fever, myalgia, GI complaints then abrupt onset of respiratory distress and hypotension; mortality approx 40-50%; in survivors, recovery rapid with full restoration of normal lung function, convalescence takes weeks to months; Puumala (nephropathia epidemica) and Seoul virus cause less severe illness EPIDEMIOLOGY: Endemic in areas with its rodent reservoir including China, Korea, Japan, Scandinavia, Commonwealth of Independent States; other hantaviruses have been identified in urban rats in major Asian and Western cities including USA and Brazil; HPS viruses (Sin Nombre, New York, Black Creek Canal, Bayou, Laguna Negra, Andes) in North and South America ; Hantaan virus found principally in Asia, Puumala virus in Europe and Seoul virus world wide

36. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome In Canada, 1989-1999 - CCDR Volume 26-08 - Health
hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) was first described in 1993 in the southwestern United States. HPS is a respiratory illness associated with the
Volume 26-08
15 April 2000
Table of Contents
Introduction Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) was first described in 1993 in the southwestern United States. HPS is a respiratory illness associated with the inhalation of aerosolized rodent excreta (urine and feces) contaminated by hantavirus particles. Four hantavirus species have been implicated as etiological agents of HPS in North America . One species, Sin Nombre virus, has been associated with the largest proportion of HPS cases. Its primary reservoir is the deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus . Person-to-person transmission of HPS has not been documented in North America. Clinical features and case definition Upon inhalation of hantavirus contaminated excreta, an extensive infection of pulmonary endothelial cells occurs and a viremic phase is initiated. After an incubation period of 9 to 35 days, individuals usually experience fever, chills, occasional headaches, and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms. Five days after the onset of initial symptoms, cough and shortness of breath typically develop; pulmonary edema and deterioration of cardiopulmonary function may then rapidly occur over the ensuing 24 hours. There is no proven effective antiviral therapy for HPS although clinical trials with ribavirin are in progress. Clinical management depends on careful fluid administration and ventilatory support. Canada has adopted the HPS case definition that was initially developed by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and recommended by the Pan American Health Organization

37. UC Davis - Office Of Environmental Health&Safety
hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a respiratory disease caused by a Humans become infected with the hantavirus when they inhale dust which has been
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a respiratory disease caused by a virus known as Sin Nombre Virus . The virus is carried by wild rodents, especially deer mice. The virus produces no clinical signs in the deer mice, but can produce a deadly infection in man - over 50% of human cases have been fatal.
Sin Nombre belongs a family of viruses known as Hantaviruses. Deer mice (genus Peromyscus) and other wild rodents can carry the virus without ill effect and can shed the virus in their urine, feces, and saliva. Sin Nombre virus is not associated with laboratory mice or with ordinary house mice or laboratory mice (genus Mus). Deer mice, in general, inhabit wild areas and rural rather than urban or suburban areas; you won’t find them in your kitchen in a city, but you might in a mountain cabin.
Humans become infected with the hantavirus when they inhale dust which has been contaminated with rodent urine. Most individuals who have become infected have lived or worked in areas that were heavily contaminated with rodent droppings. Campgrounds, abandoned cabins, and other areas that have become infested with high populations of wild rodents should be considered risky. Digging up a rodent nest, trapping wild rodents or performing necropsies on wild rodents would also be considered risky activities.
If a human being becomes infected, signs of illness usually appear about two weeks after exposure, although the time can range from a few days to as long as six weeks. The first signs are fever, headache, and pain in the abdomen, joints, and back. Afterwards the patient’s lungs begin to fill with fluid and breathing becomes extremely difficult. A high proportion of the patients die, but early treatment offers the best chance of survival.

38. Communicable Disease Fact Sheet
Communicable Disease Fact Sheet, hantavirus infections. In the US, human hantavirus infections were first identified in the southwest in 1993.
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New York State
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Hantavirus Infections
(Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome) What are Hantaviruses? Hantaviruses are a type of virus found in rodents in different parts of the world. In the U.S., human Hantavirus infections were first identified in the southwest in 1993. In recent years, sporadic cases have been found in several eastern states including New York. Studies have shown that mice are often infected and appear to be the source of infection. Is this illness common to humans? No. Human Hantavirus infections are rare. Sporadic or isolated cases may occur throughout the country, with larger numbers in dusty areas conducive to virus transmission. How is the virus transmitted? The virus is carried by rodents such as mice which are found throughout North America. Infected rodents shed the live virus in saliva, droppings and urine. Humans are infected when they inhale microscopic particles that contain viruses from rodent urine or droppings. Insect bites and pets are not believed to play a role in Hantavirus transmission. Can people infect each other?

39. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome --- United States: Updated Recommendations For Ris
In 1993, a previously unknown disease, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), Several new sigmodontine hantavirus hosts have been discovered each year and
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome - United States: Updated Recommendations for Risk Reduction
Prepared by
James N. Mills, Ph.D.
Amy Corneli, M.P.H.
Joni C. Young, M.S.
Laurel E. Garrison, M.P.H.
Ali S. Khan, M.D.
Thomas G. Ksiazek, D.V.M., Ph.D.
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases
National Center for Infectious Diseases
TRW Inc., Cleveland, OH
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, TN
The material in this report was prepared for publication by the National Center for Infectious Diseases, James M. Hughes, M.D., Director; Office of Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Activity, Scott Lillibridge, M.D., Director; and the National Immunization Program, Walter A. Orenstein, M.D., Director. Summary This report provides updated recommendations for prevention and control of hantavirus infections associated with rodents in the United States. It supersedes the previous report (CDC. Hantavirus infection-southwestern United States: interim recommendations for risk reduction. MMWR 1993;42[No. RR-11]:113

40. Human Health - Hantavirus
The NBII provides comprehensive scientific information for broad disciplines, including Botany, Fisheries, Genetics, and Systematics.
Home Human Health Hantavirus
(Information above summarized from:
National Center for Infectious Diseases, All About Hantavirus Home page. )
NEW! Hantavirus Prevention Measures [pdf - Get Adobe Reader [html version] General Information Index

Tracking a Mystery Disease (Brief History of HPS)


What is Aerosolization?
Who is at Risk of Getting HPS? What are the Symtoms? How do I prevent HPS? Cleaning Up Rodent-Infested Areas

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