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61. Somalia Travel Guide
Aromatic flora, producing frankincense and myrrh, are indigenous to the Islam is the state religion in Somalia, and most of the people are Sunni Muslims
Somalia travel guide - The best resource for sights, hotels, restaurants, bars, what to do and what to see the travel guide you write Recent Changes
  • Home Destinations Mapsonomy ... Somalia Sections Map View Enlargement
    [edit this] [Change image] [Upload image] Somalia is bounded on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the east and south by the Indian Ocean, on the southwest by Kenya , on the west by Ethiopia , and on the northwest by Djibouti . The total area is 637,657 sq km (about 246,200 sq mi). The northern part of Somalia is known as Somaliland and is a semi-autonomous region. Mogadishu is the capital and largest city of the country. Most travelers will find that it is the most convenient place to start their trip to this fascinating country. It's the only place with an Internet Cafe, for example. Somalia has a long coastline, extending for about 3025 km (about 1880 mi), but it has few natural harbors. A sandy coastal plain borders on the Gulf of Aden in the north. A series of mountain ranges, with average elevations between about 915 and 2135 m (about 3000 and 7000 ft), dominates the northern part of the country. To the south, the interior consists of a rugged plateau, ranging in elevation from about 500 m (about 1640 ft) in the north to less than 180 m (less than 600 ft) in the south. In the south, a wide coastal plain, which has many sand dunes, borders on the Indian Ocean. The country's two major rivers are found on the southern plateau, the Jubba in the southern part and the Shabeelle in the south central section.

62. IRIN Africa Horn Of Africa SOMALIA SOMALIA UN Agencies
Somalia lacked the indigenous capacity to assess the damage caused by the tsunami An estimated 114 people were killed in Somalia when the tsunami,

63. State Terror In Ethiopia
The East African nation of Ethiopia is the latest US terror war ally to turn its guns on indigenous peoples in a zone coveted by corporate interests for its
June 2004
This War and Racism

Inside the Cells of Abu Ghraib

Ensuring a Fair Election



Blue Mountain Clinic, Montana APRIL PROTESTS Photo Extravaganza REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS March For Women's Lives LABOR Bay Area Grocery Workers ACTIVIST HUMOR The Assault of Laughter INTERVIEW All In A Day's Work AFRICA State Terror in Ethiopia EUROPE Kosovo Five Years Later INTERVIEW Behind the War On Terror INTERVIEW An Ocean of Resistance Killing Games MUSIC REVIEWS BRAZIL's DRUMBEAT COUNTRY JOE BAND BOOK REVIEWS DON'T WORRY [IT'S SAFE TO EAT] by Andrew Rowell WITHOUT A NET edited by Michelle Tea HOTEL SATIRE Extreme Advertising!?!

64. The Nine Regions - International Alliance
The East African region is the newest in the Alliance, established in the 4th For information on the situation of indigenous peoples in French Guyana
TFRK EXPERT MEETING ... 'SPEAKING OUT' CONFERENCE [ESP] [FR] INDIGENOUS PEOPLES' NETWORK FOR CHANGE [ESP] [FR] BALANCED RELATIONSHIP PROJECT [ESP] [FR] UNFCCC [ESP] [FR] CBD [ESP] [FR] UNFF [ESP] [FR] ... UNPFII [ESP] [FR] The Nine Regions of the International Alliance In each of the nine regions of the Alliance there is an indigenous peoples' organization which has volunteered to act as the regional secretariat of the Alliance. These secretariats coordinate the work of the Alliance on a regional level, and each has a regional secretary dedicated to following up and implementing Alliance activities as planned by the ICC. This page is intended as a brief introduction to the regions, and to the secretaries working with in them, for further information we recommend contacting the regional secretariats directly. Bahasa Region The Bahasa Region is coordinated through the Ikatan Cendekiawan Tanimbar Indonesia organization, based in Jakarta. The region covers three countries, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The regional secretary is Ms. Johanna Rumsfaan.

65. Emerging States And Unrepresented Peoples - Global Policy Forum
The Roma Somalia West Papua indigenous peoples Other Articles Somalia. Somaliland Poll ‘Transparent’ (April 17, 2003) A South African monitoring
about GPF What's New Newsletter Sitemap ... *Opinion Forum
Emerging States and Unrepresented Peoples
States like to pretend that they are "eternal," but states are really quite ephemeral. Old states fall apart and new ones come into being. In recent years, Czechoslovakia divided into two states, while Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union collapsed into many smaller states. What moves people to claim the right to form a new state, and what leads to a successful outcome (i.e. independence)? In a globalizing world, with decreasing national sovereignty and closer ties between people everywhere, what is the attraction of forming another independent state? Repressive governments, denying minority populations their rights, seem to be the main impetus for independence movements. But once independence is gained, the good life does not necessarily begin. Other minorities may, in turn, be disregarded or oppressed in the new emerging state. Analysis Links
The Balkans
East Timor ... Resources Analysis Pandora's Box: Ideals or Interest? (January 1999)

STATE TERROR AGAINT indigenous peoples IN ETHIOPIA The East African nation of Ethiopia is the latest US Terror War ally to turn its guns on indigenous

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by keith harmon snow The East African nation of Ethiopia is the latest US Terror War ally to turn its guns on indigenous peoples in a zone coveted by corporate interests for its natural resources. Four months after armed forces of the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Defense Front (EPRDF) and settlers from the Ethiopian highlands initiated a campaign of massacres, repression and mass rape deliberately targeting the Anuak minority of Ethiopia's southwest, atrocities and killings continueand the situation remains in whiteout by the Western media. The most recent attack was on March 27, when EPRDF troops entered villages in Jor district, killing over 100 residents, including women and children. Many of the survivors were forcibly removed by the soldiers, with rights observers claiming village women are being held as sexual slaves. Based on field investigations conducted in January, two US-based organizationsGenocide Watch and Survivor's Rights Internationaljointly released a report on Feb. 22, providing substantial evidence that EPRDF soldiers and "Highlander" militias in southwestern Ethiopia targeted Anuak civilians. The "Highlanders" are of neither the agriculturalist Anuak nor the cattle-herding Nuer, the two indigenous peoples of the region, but predominantly Tigray and Amhara people resettled into Anuak territory since 1974. The current conflict was sparked by the killing of eight U.N. and Ethiopian government officials whose van was ambushed on Dec. 13, 2003, in the Gambella district of southwestern Ethiopia. While there is no evidence attesting to the ethnicity of the unidentified assailants, the incident provided the pretext for the ongoing pogrom against the Anuak.

67. Investing In Africa Can Be Quite A Challenge But Good Deals Are
Something important to note, in African culture people do not maintain continuous For example, in the Northeastern province which is dominated by somali
Investing In Africa Can Be Quite A Challenge: But Good Deals Are On The Horizon ~ by James Joroge Return To Issue Article Index Investing In Africa Can Be Quite A Challenge
But Good Deals Are On The Horizon ~ by James Joroge June 2005 Geography Kenya lies in the Eastern part of the African continent with an area of 582,646 square kilometers (slightly smaller than the size of Texas). The country is nearly shield-shaped, its northern part is broader while the southern part tapers out to a tip. The equator runs midway, almost dividing the country in two equal halves. Its neighbors in the region are: i) Ethiopia to the north
ii) Sudan to the Northwest
iii) Uganda to the West
iv) Tanzania to the south
v) Somalia to the East. The Indian Ocean borders the country in the Southeast. Topography Kenya can be divided into several regions of lowlands and highlands. These are:
a) The coastal plain - a region of high temperatures bordering the Indian Ocean b) Nyika Plateau - This the safari country that occupies most of Kenya. The region is dry with little and sometimes unreliable rainfall. c) The Highlands - situated in the central part of Kenya and divided into two parts by the Great Rift Valley, the Eastern highlands and Western highlands. This region receives heavy and reliable rainfall throughout the year.This is the breadbasket of the country with a lot of farming activities.

68. MRG - Online Bookshop
Challenges the invisibility of people of African descent and Examines the threat to survival of many indigenous peoples throughout Asia as a result of
'Erasing the Board': Report of the international research mission into crimes under international law committed against the Bambuti Pygmies in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo top UK £
US $ Minority Rights Group
War crimes and crimes against humanity committed against the Bambuti in the Democratic Republic of Congo add to basket
Burundi: Breaking the Cycle of Violence top UK £
US $ Filip Reyntjens
Outlines the political history of Burundi, focusing on the situation since the 1993 coup. add to basket
Burundi: Prospects for Peace top UK £
US $ Filip Reyntjens
The search for peace and stability in Burundi. add to basket
Eritrea and Tigray top UK £ US $ Colin Legum and James Firebrace 3rd Edition. An analysis of the background and course of the liberation movement. add to basket Eritrea: Towards Unity in Diversity top UK £ US $ David Pool Describes Eritrea's efforts to reconstruct a multi-ethnic society after 30 years of civil war. add to basket Ethiopia: A New Start ?

69. ELandnet Africa
africa links to sources about unrepresented nations, indigenous people and Falasha (18) Links to resources about the Jews in Ethiopia and Somalia.

70. Panel 46
Rural economic development in SubSaharan africa issues and prospects The Ju/’hoansi are a tribe of indigenous people with a 70000-year-old culture in
PANEL 46d (ES)
Rural economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa: issues and prospects
Panel abstract
The aim of the panel is to encourage debate that is critical of the impact of current policies on rural (economic) development in SSA, and to explore innovative approaches to theories of and policies for the poor in SSA. The organizers welcome (socio-) economic contributions to this debate.
Panel summary
The scope of the panel is wide to offer a forum for interlinked themes to be discussed. The central question will be how specific local economic conditions and institutions influence rural households’ economic opportunities and constraints and what this means for rural economic development in SSA. Therefore, the panel will feature papers based on new fieldwork data and, in particular, innovative approaches to sampling, economic survey design and methodology. Themes included are, among others, resource mobilization (land, labour, capital), the role of markets (agricultural and non-agricultural product markets, labour markets, financial markets, land markets), the role of risk and uncertainty, farm and off-farm income sources, and the links between local economic conditions and national and international institutions and policies. It is anticipated that several papers will make the case for a re-direction, as well as an increase in, government, donor and NGO expenditures. Contributions that criticize the current emphasis in the literature on small-scale self employment (on or off-farm), the role of micro-credit and micro-insurance, and the removal of 'distortions in land, labour and input markets’, will be welcomed. Discussion will focus on policy initiatives to reduce the vulnerability of the poorest people, especially rural women.

71. FAF - Preamble
Returning to africa s Roots/Modernizing the indigenous The people may be from the north or the south, but in the end they realize they are one nation,

Indigenous Africa
Returning to Africa's Roots/Modernizing the Indigenous
George B.N. Ayittey All Africa needs to do is to return to its roots and build on and modernize its own indigenous institutions. There is now a greater awareness of the need to reexamine Africa's own heritage. Return to traditional institutions will ensure not only peace but stability as well: In Mali each existing ethnic group is recognized for its distinct heritage. "Ethnicity cannot be manipulated in this society," said educator Lalla Ben Barkar. "The people may be from the north or the south, but in the end they realize they are one nation, and that is Mali" (The Washington Post, 24 March 1996, A28). Carl M. Peterson and Daniel T. Barkely offered a reason why Somalia imploded: The previous government [Siad Barre's] failed to incorporate the institutional aspects of Somalia's indigenous culture into a functioning national body. [Therefore] a stable, viable and fair political system must comprise the essential characteristics of Somalia's complex society. This means revitalizing indigenous institutions, restoring traditional powers and giving clans a legitimate outlet for political expression. (New African, June 1993, 20). E. F. Kolajo of Thoyandou, South Africa, concurred: "The Japanese, Chinese, and Indians still maintain their roots, and they are thriving as nations. Africa embraces foreign cultures at the expense of its own, and this is why nothing seems to work for us" (New African, February 1995, 4). In fact, according to The Bangkok Post, "Japan's postwar success has demonstrated that modernization does not mean Westernization. Japan has modernized spectacularly, yet remains utterly different from the West. Economic success in Japan has nothing to do with individualism. It is the fruit of sheer discipline the ability to work in groups and to conform" (cited by The Washington Times, 9 November 1996, A8).

72. News@nature
Journeying east around the coastlines of Somalia and eventually India would move out of africa were, so the obvious people to sample are indigenous ones
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73. Lycaeum > Leda > Chewing Khat Together: From Indigenous Practice To Internationa
Khat is native to the eastern and southern regions of africa, In the areas where khat use originated, groups of people (mainly men) gather every day to
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Chewing khat together: from indigenous practice to international issue
Khat use as a positive social custom Chewing khat together: from indigenous practice to international issue Angelique Beekhuis In view of the increasing use of khat worldwide, and the negative international attention caused by official uncertainty concerning this once indigenous practice, the present article surveys the various uses of khat, and advocates not only further research but also a positive approach to khat use as a social event. Botanical specifications The shrub khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) has a slender trunk with smooth, thin bark. The lancet-shaped leaves are between 0.5 and 10cm long and 0.5 to 5cm wide. Young leaves are a reddish green, later turning to yellow-green. In areas with frost, the shrub grows no higher than 1.5 meters, but in places with more rainfall, like the highlands of Ethiopia and areas near the equator, khat trees can reach 20 metres. Khat is known by a variety of names, many of them phonetic transcriptions of the most commonly used Arabic khat: catha, kat, qat, ciat, tsjat and ch'at. The term mira or miraa is also common, particularly in areas of Kenya (UN 1956:7; Kennedy 1987:176-177). Khat is native to the eastern and southern regions of Africa, but it is grown extensively as a cash crop in Ethiopia, Yemen and the northern provinces of Kenya. It is also socially and economically important in the neighbouring areas of Somalia and Djibouti.

74. Africa
Despite signs of significant progress, SubSaharan africa remains the world s of Tanzania launches new indigenous Knowledge (IK) Publication in africa,,menuPK:258649~pa
var templatePathPrefix = ""; Home Site Map Index FAQs ... Topics Search Africa All Home Countries Africa Overview Countries Development Topics Regional Initiatives ... Contacts Resources For
Sub-Saharan Africa
Countries Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde C. African Rep Chad Comoros DR of Congo Rep of Congo C´te d'Ivoire Equ Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Topics Anti-Corruption CDD Debt Relief-HIPC Education Energy Gender HNP HIPC Human Development Indigenous Knowledge Knowledge Partnerships MDGs Participation AFR Partnerships Poverty Analysis Poverty in AFR Roll Back Malaria Social Protect'n Statistics in AFR Trade Transport Urban Development Water and Sanitation Water Resources Mgmt Regional Initiatives Chad-Cameroon Pipeline Knowledge Partnerships Capacity Development HIV/AIDS SPA RPED SSATP Read the Africa Action Plan PDF (822 KB) Planning for the "Decade of Africa" Listen to interviews with Regional managers: VP Gobind Nankani Chief Economist John Page , and Building Capacity in Africa Translating aid promises into results
In his opening press conference at the World Bank Annual Meetings, President Paul Wolfowitz reaffirmed that Africa was a development priority, and pointed to the Bank’s 

75. Order Form
Society, Security, Sovereignty and the State in Somalia; US$ 29.95, £20 90 5727 011 0 IUCN; indigenous peoples and Sustainability; US$29.95 C$50
Order form IB, Alexander Numankade 17,3572 KP Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel: + 31 30 2731840, fax: + 31 30 2733614. To order: All our books can be ordered through your local bookstore,
return this form to the distributor in your country, or to International Books.
Payment must be sent with your order. Please add 20% to cover postage costs.
It is possible to order now via internet. Please send me: copies of... Please choose a title on this pop-up list; 90 5727 042 Crawford; Carfree Cities; paperback edition; US$17,95 90 6224 991 4 McCoy/McCully; The Road from Rio 90 6224 985 x Uyl; Invisible Barriers; US$39.95 90 807336 1 x vd Werf, The Social Face of the Euro; €50 Name Name of organization Address: Street: City: Zip/Postal code: State/County: Country: Telephone: Fax: E-mail: Please debit my Visacard number Please debit my MC/Eurocard number CVC-code (last 3 digits on the other side) Please debit my AmEx card number creditcard number expiration date
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76. International Books; Books On Politics
indigenous Knowledge/indigenous peoples/Sustainable Development Maria Brons analyses the contemporary political history of Somalia from a precolonial,
Books on Political Studies
Africa Networking
Alternatives to Global Capitalism

Altlas of Women and Men in India

Among the Pastoral Afar in Ethiopia
... Africa Networking
Development Information, ICTs and Governance

Karima Bounemra Ben Soltane, Aida Opoku-Mensah, M. A. Mohamed Salih, and Orlando Nino Fluck
Bringing together in-depth analysis and critical insights into the potential benefits of improved technology in Africa's development, this work illustrates the central role geoinformation and information and communication technologies (ICTs) can play in the delivery of efficient and effective services by governments and agencies.
ISBN 90 5727 052 8, paperback, 288 pages, US$29.95, BP20, 2004 Top Alternatives to Global Capitalism
Drawn from Biblical History, Designed for Political Action,
Ulrich Duchrow
"The best introduction I know to the economy of neo­liberalism in the nineties." Dorothee Sölle "Inspiring to civil society as a whole." Beyers Naudé, SA Council of Churches ISBN 90 6224 976 0, pb, us$19.95, £12.50, can$32, 316 pages, with Kairos Europa

77. L1 In The L2 Classroom
Guidance on Ethnicity, Ethnic Minorities and indigenous peoples. University of Pennsylvania African Studies Centre. Somalia page

A bibliography of resources held in the NCELTR Resource Centre
To be used in conjunction with AMEP fact sheets
Gow, G. 2002. The Oromo in exile : from the Horn of Africa to the suburbs of Australia . Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press.
Jolis, C Ungerth (ed) Refugee education: learning in exile
Sangster, S and P Nicholls 1996. An investigation into the reasons for the literacy difficulties experienced by female ESL students from Ethiopia and Eritrea in Perth, WA: a NLLIA small scale research project . Bentley, WA : Language Australia
Street, B 1993. Crosscultural approaches to literacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
AMEP Fact sheets
Hassan, A Ethnicity, religion and state in the Horn of Africa. 199? In Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history. Edited byN Kirabae and Y Pochta. Part III. Islamic culture: classical paradigm and modernity

78. East Africa [document] How The US Can Support
to all vulnerable people in the Horn of africa, regardless of race, ethnicity, The peacemaking efforts of NGOs and indigenous groups should also be

79. Primary Goal
In 1998 CCR provided training to members of somali Peace Line, with which it The main components of the africa Project seem to be highly relevant and
Primary Goal
To contribute to the empowerment of non-governmental organisations, community groups, political parties, governments and other bodies in Africa through the sharing of skills, information and resources on conflict prevention, management and resolution.
  • Forge and sustain partnerships with African individuals and organisations involved in conflict resolution and related activities.
  • Undertake basic and advanced mediation, negotiation and facilitation skills training in African countries at the request of local partners.
  • Conduct research and organise workshops and conferences on issues relating to conflict, violence and constructive conflict resolution.
  • Provide technical advice and other support to organisations and individuals engaged in peacemaking.
  • Offer colleagues from other African countries the opportunity to undergo in-depth training through CCR's internship programme.
  • Provide specialised training in accordance with the needs of clients and partners.
The Lesotho Programme
This programme began in 1997 when CCR supported the District Secretary of Mafeteng in training officials to mediate conflict at local government level. CCR subsequently supported the establishment of the Lesotho Network for Conflict Management (LNCM) and various peace processes at local and national levels.

80. Loyola University Chicago: Black World Studies
a) The indigenous african world view, life and world. virtues are taught in indigenous africa, using the experience of the Chagga people (ethnic group)
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Course Descriptions [ Fall 2000 ]
Lake Shore Campus Water Tower Campus Lake Shore Campus BLACK WORLD STUDIES
Directed Readings
Ayana Karanja
BWS 295-002
Touchtone Registration Call #40507

An independent program of reading and research developed in consultation with a supervising faculty member who is also the BWS director, usually culminating in a major research paper or project. ANTHROPOLOGY
Australian Aboriginal Culture
Ayana Karanja
BWS 395-019 (ANTH 361) (INTS 398) (RCS 252) M 3:00-5:30 p.m.
Touchtone Registration Call #52446
Damen Hall 235
This course will examine the history, culture and life ways of a segment of the indigenous peoples of the land known as Australia. Aboriginal peoples have experienced major shifts and alterations in their pattern of existence and traditions since the discovery of their homeland by European adventurers in the 1600-1700s. Aboriginal "Dreamtime," cosmology, resistance movements and land rights disputes will be explored as will the impact of modernity and notions of "progress" within the context of this society. ENGLISH African American Literature Instructor TBA BWS 282-095 (ENGL 282) TTh 10:00-11:15 a.m.

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