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41. Reuben O. Mekenye, "The African Role In The Failure Of South African Colonialism
the reaction of AK soga, editor of the SANC political organ, Many peoplein S. africa are likely to think that it will be better not to risk
Southeastern Regional Seminar in African Studies (SERSAS)
The African Role in the Failure of South African Colonialism, 1902-1910: the Case of Lesotho
Reuben O. Mekenye
Department of History California State University
San Marcos, California
E-mail: Spring 2000 SERSAS Meeting
Western Carolina University
Cullowhee, NC
14-15 April 2000
No part of this paper should be reproduced or used without the written consent of the author. (Web Editor's Note: to return to the text from the linked endnotes, click on your browser's "Back Icon") Introduction When the Union of South Africa was inaugurated on May 31, 1910, the small kingdom of Basutoland (Lesotho) would have been incorporated into the Union Government. The colonist politicians from the two British colonies of the Cape and Natal and the Boer or Afrikaner republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State that constituted the Union, had for long demanded for the annexation of Lesotho to one of the colonies.

42. History Of The Church
It is the church of the indigenous African people,with customs,traditions,rituals,andsimilar CM soga. Deacon ELC Ntshebe, and the Evangel F.Pikoli,
September 25, 2005
CONTACT PAGE History of the Church
History of the Church
The Historical background on the formation of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in Southern Africa.
This church is called Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo church,the church of King Menelek of Ethiopia,(Abyssinia),the son of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of Jerusalem.
This church was founded by St.Phillip at the time he baptised the Etiopian eunuch, Phillip went,and there he found "a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace the Queen of Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure,and had come to Jerusalem for to worship."
This Church is a member in the lineage of the Oriental Orthodox Churches, and a member amongst the World Council of Churches.
It is the church of the indigenous African people,with customs,traditions,rituals,and similar rites that are not different to those that are in the Holy Bible,futhermore;it is also composed of the faithful and the believers indeed that constitute the big membership and followers,particularly of African descent.
This church has a wonderful history, that is very rich, and easy to follow, because;for the history tobe preserved, it should be documented, for easy access to it, and also guard against absolute extiction. It is noted for example;in books such as "The Voice of Black Theology in S.A”.,where the history of Christianity and its origins are put narratively, and also points out that; Jesus Christ had set his foot on the African soil during the escape of Joseph and Mary to Egypt,from the furious rage of King Herod's pedocidal excuse in seach of the Immanuel(Jesus)

43. Edward Evans-Pritchard (1902-1973, Britain )
EvansPritchard studied seemingly alien norms in africa and demonstrated that they His goal was to present ethnographies of indigenous beliefs in an
Edward Evans-Pritchard (1902-1973, Britain
Edward Evans-Pritchard is known for his approach in analyzing non-western belief systems, especially those in Africa . He believed that anthropologists should analyze societies by considering the local people’s views and should not entirely rely on presupposed ideas about that society. In other words, an anthropologist needs to understand people’s behaviors and thoughts in their own context, which is based on their local reality. Evans-Pritchard studied seemingly alien norms in Africa and demonstrated that they make perfect sense from the local person’s point of view. His goal was to present ethnographies of indigenous beliefs in an accurate and coherent manner to those who do not belong to these indigenous societies.
One of the famous ethnographies by Evans-Pritchard is Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande , an analysis on witchcraft within the Azande society of East Africa . The Azande often credit witchcraft when they meet misfortunes. For example, when a building suddenly collapses and people who happen to be under its roof are injured, they say this happening is due to witchcraft. Evans-Pritchard argued that this witchcraft explanation supplies a missing link. The Azande know these two facts: that the supports for the roof were undermined and that people were sitting under the roof in order to escape the glare of the sun. However, the Azande need an explanation that also connects these two events, and that explanation is witchcraft. Evans-Pritchard’s analysis shows that the Azande’s witchcraft explanation is rational according to their way of reasoning. Besides anthropological values, this ethnography

44. LitNet: Seminar Room
The indigenous African people have been grievously wronged, as Plaatje makes clear in 7 Other major black newspapermen of the day included AK soga,

Tuis /

Briewe /
Advertise on LitNet
Deborah Seddon Miriam Makeba magister magistrate and the Afrikaans magistraat As is well known, in South Africa the Afrikaans word baas baasskap was the term used to refer to the control by whites of non-whites. As Asmal makes plain, the name of the new building would be an important symbol of hope in the future:
Some thoughtless people may murmur that it is inappropriate for the Department of Education to name its building after someone who had completed only Standard 4. Well, I have news for them. Sol Plaatje was the most accomplished scholar of his generation, a giant of South African letters and public life.
  • With his work also appearing in papers such as The Pretoria News and the Cape Argus Plaatje, amongst both black and white readers, was one of the most widely-read black journalist of his day.
  • His novel Mhudi was the first novel written in English by a black South African.
  • As part of his work for the Congress, Plaatje had travelled South Africa in the winter of 1913, recording first-hand the dire consequences of the Act on the lives of black South Africans. When the delegation returned home Plaatje stayed on in England for two and half years, in order to see his account of these experiences into print, and so to bring the plight of his people to the attention of the British public. Native Life in South Africa The first sentence of Native Life is perhaps one of the hardest hitting political statements in South African history:
    Awaking on Friday morning, June 20, 1913, the South African Native found himself, not actually a slave, but a pariah in the land of his birth.
  • 45. NLSA Childrens Books Exhibitions In South Africa
    of The Pilgrim’s Progress by Tiyo soga published by Lovedale Press in 1868 . Beverley Naidoo’s story of the reality of apartheid in South africa in
    but1 = new Image but1.src = "pics/sublink1b.gif" but2 = new Image but2.src = "pics/sublink2b.gif" but3 = new Image but3.src = "pics/sublink3b.gif" but4 = new Image but4.src = "pics/sublink4b.gif" but5 = new Image but5.src = "pics/sublink5b.gif" but6 = new Image but6.src = "pics/sublink6b.gif"
    Amandla ebali: the power of the story.
    Click on picture to enlarge
    Review by Melvyn Minnaar. Cape Times, 22 September 2004.
    [Further information on page 2 of the catalogue] Divine and Moral Songs Click on picture to enlarge The exhibition tells the story of the enormous influence of British colonialism, still discernible in this first juvenile novel to be written by a South African, Mary Ann Carey Hobson, in 1883. Although The Farm in the Karoo does contain some inaccuracies, on the whole, is a fair representation of the natural history of the Cape at the time. Click on picture to enlarge Cape Town Dicky Click on picture to enlarge [See page 27 of the catalogue for a full list] A wide range of these traditional story collections are on show from the very early Nursery Tales, Traditions and Histories of the Zulus

    46. Africa
    spent half a lifetime documenting african indigenous Churches and highlighting Many people assume that the fact that africa today is overwhelmingly
    Africa is important to New Zealand for much more than rugby Links: Ghana

    47. SSRC :: Global Security And Cooperation Program :: Interim Report For The "Field
    Study of the destruction of African civilisation (indigenous knowledge systems and Helen Puklkol/Mandela peoples College • Janet Wambedhe/AWE (U)
    Interim Report for the "Field Building" Project Workshop was held at the Ridar Hotel, Seeta, Kampala, November 2001
    This Workshop was approved by the Program Committee on Global Security and Cooperation of the Social Science Research Council-SSRC-GSC at its Belfast meeting at the beginning of September 2001. It is part of the process of "Field Building" activities that seek to bring together the different kinds of knowledge obtained by different researchers such as academics, practitioners, and custodians of indigenous knowledge with a view to developing the mechanisms for integrating, synthesizing, and transferring skills and expertise available in each of these different knowledges to a wider audience and to all actors.
    The Workshop was held on time as envisaged. In Belfast it was agreed that the Workshop would be held at the beginning of November 2001. In fact dates were fixed from 6th-8th November, to enable the members of the Committee on GSC to examine the possibility of attending the Workshop since they had been indicated in the project as part of the participants. Eventually the date was changed to 5th-7th November by the steering committee to enable participants to arrive at the week-end and begin the Workshop at the beginning of the week, which also happened to be a good timing for airline schedules.
    In the event, all members of the committee of GSC did not attend. Special effort had been made by both Charles Hale and Ibrahim Dibrin to attend but they found themselves to do so due to different reasons. This gave us an opportunity to widen the African component as well as the regional spread to enable comparing of experiences in different African regions.

    48. Uganda: Map, History And Much More From
    A country of eastcentral africa. Inhabited since Paleolithic and Neolithic Later in the 16th cent., other Luo-speaking peoples conquered N Uganda,
    showHide_TellMeAbout2('false'); Business Entertainment Games Government ... More... On this page: Dictionary Encyclopedia Map Local Time Geography Dialing Code Currency Stats Anthem WordNet Wikipedia Translations Best of Web Mentioned In Or search: - The Web - Images - News - Blogs - Shopping Uganda Dictionary (Click to enlarge) Uganda (Mapping Specialists, Ltd.) U·gan·da yÅ«-găn də, Å«-g¤n d¤
    A country of east-central Africa. Inhabited since Paleolithic and Neolithic times, the region was settled by migrating Bantu people around A.D. 1100 and by Nilotic peoples from the north in the late 17th century. Various kingdoms and states were established beginning in the 14th century, including the Bantu kingdom of Buganda, which became a British protectorate in 1894. The protectorate was later extended to the entire region, which became independent as Uganda in 1962. Kampala is the capital and the largest city. Population: 26,400,000 . U·gan dan var tcdacmd="cc=edu;dt"; Encyclopedia Uganda yÅ«g¤n də, Å«g¤n d¤ ) , officially Republic of Uganda, republic (1995 est. pop. 19,573,000), 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Sudan in the north, and on Kenya in the east.

    49. UK Uganda Network - Profile Of Uganda
    The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked East African country lying on the Equator Other Bantuspeaking peoples are the soga, Nkole, Chiga (Kiga), Gisu,
    United Kingdom Uganda Network
    A Profile of Uganda
    The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked East African country lying on the Equator - roughly two thirds of the country is north of the equator and a third south. On the banks of Lake Victoria, Uganda is bordered by Tanzania and Rwanda to the south west, The Congo to the west, The Sudan to the north, and Kenya to the east.
    • Area
      • 93000 Square Miles or 241000 Square km
    • Location
      • Between 4 degrees N and 1 degree S of the equator in East Africa
    • Population
      • 19M estimated in 1995 probably around 22M today. Uganda's growth in population is well above the average for the Sub-Saharan areas of Africa. This is obviously because of the country's high birth rate producing a population in which almost half is under 15 years of age. The most densely settled areas are in the fertile south and east, primarily along Lake Victoria. Kampala is the largest city. Other major cities are Jinja, Masaka, and Mbale. Though the urban population constitutes only about one-eighth of the total, it is growing steadily.
    • Capital
      • Kampala, It is built around seven hills 35Km north of Lake Victoria. Across the lake you can get to Tanzania and Kenya though it is understood that at present the ferry is not running. (June 2000).

    50. INTR 532 Bibliographies: African Theologies
    The Incarnation in the Life of the People of South africa. Journal of Theologyfor Southern indigenous african Christian Theologies The Uphill Road.
    Contextualization Bibliographies General: Intros Culture Messenger Books Religious
    Dimensions: Doctrine/
    Ritual Ethics ... Social Theologies: African Asian Caribbean Latin American ... Western Minority Topics: AICS Ancestors Case Studies Christology ... Women Regions: Africa Asia Caribbean Europe ... Multiple/General Theologies: African Biblio Format Annotation Abe, G. O. "Theological Concepts of Jewish and African Names of God." Asia Journal of Theology 4:2 (1990): 424-429. Names are significant in both African and Hebrew contexts. This paper looks at names of God in Hebrew and various African contexts and compares them. Abijole, Bayo. "St. Paul's Concept of Principalities and Powers in African Context." Africa Theological Journal 17:2 (1988): 118-29. Concept of world powers very much part of Paul's thinking and theology; this is explored and the relevance to the contemporary African context is discussed. Abogunrin, S. O. "The Total Adequacy of Christ in the African Context." Ogbomoso Journal of Theology 1 (January 1986): 9-16.

    51. Africa
    Mozambique, Flag of Mozambique, Portuguese (official), indigenous dialects note Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in
    Africa Home About Africa Services Health Education Portfolio Get Quote ...
    County Flag Language Support Algeria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects Yes Angola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages Yes Benin French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north) Yes Botswana English (official), Setswana Yes Burkina Faso French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population Yes Burundi Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area) Yes Cameroon 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official) Yes Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), Arabic, Hunsa, Swahili Yes Chad French (official), Arabic (official), Sara and Sango (in south), more than 100 different languages and dialects Yes Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    Tiyo soga, the first black South african to be ordained, received his theological For many people in the western and northern hemispheres, africa is a
    John W. de Gruchy
    1. Reflections on our location
    Now, as the face of South Africa changes yet again, we are witnessing the miracle of rebirth not only on the macro-level of a country in transformation, but also in many places which have been on the periphery in the past. Moffat Mission, with its ecumenical commitment, promises to be one such place, especially in rethinking what Christian mission means today, and in engaging in a praxis appropriate at this time in this the least of all the new nine provinces of a new South Africa. The recent inauguration of the Kalahari Desert School of Theology, however modest, and the attempt to develop a theological education appropriate for rural ministry centred here, suggests how appropriate it is that we should be gathered here to reflect on the viability of ecumenical ministerial formation in Africa today. Although ministry in urban settlements is an urgent priority, we dare not neglect the needs of rural society, indeed, the two need to be considered in tandem.
    Thus we gather here in this rural setting from various parts of the continent which have received the gospel from the missionaries, many of whom passed through this place en route to their particular destinations. We come to consider our respective experiences of Christian faith in relation to the ambiguous legacy which they have left in order to contribute to the global task of ecumenical theological formation in a new era. What can we share with the ecumenical church from our particular locations in Africa and out of our own African experience, and what can we, in return, learn from others who participate in this process of reflection on the viability of theological education today?

    53. African Proverbs, Stories And Sayings - Bibliography
    Indeed, its fascinating to know how other african indigenous communities use In different parts of africa the local people s traditional concept of the
    Annotated Bibliography of
    African Proverbs, Sayings and Stories
  • Content Analysis of 86 "African Proverbs of the Month" on the African Proverbs, Sayings and Stories Website ( - June, 1998 to September, 2005
  • Endangered African Proverbs Collections: Bukusu and Kikuyu (Kenya) Proverbs: African Proverbs on Food
  • Endangered African Proverbs Collections: Bukusu (Kenya) Proverbs
  • Endangered African Proverbs Collections: Chagga (Tanzania) Sayings ...
  • Collection of, and Commentary on, 436 Sayings on East African Cloth (Misemo Kwenye Khanga za Afrika Mashariki)
    Click on version desired ( PDF HTML RTF
  • Proverbium 20 (2003): A Review of English Articles ...
  • "African Proverbs on Peace and War." Collections
  • Content Analysis of 86 "African Proverbs of the Month" on the African Proverbs, Sayings and Stories Website ( - June, 1998 to September, 2005 Date Contributor - Country of Origin Contributor - Country of Residence Language Country June, 1998 USA Tanzania Sukuma Tanzania July, 1998
  • 54. Missionary Settlement In Southern Africa 1800 - 1925
    which are trees such as are seldom seen in this part of South africa, soga was the first Caffer, that by his own effort, led out the water of a
    The Mission Stations A B C D ... F A (BACK TO TOP) ABBOTTSDALE , Cape: SPG pre-1858
    ADAMS , Natal: ABCFM 1835
    ADAMSHOOP , OFS: Bn 1867
    ADELAIDE , Cape: UFS 1861; PCSA 1897; DGT
    AFRIKANER'S KRAAL , also known as JERUSALEM or as VREDEBERG , Namibia: LMS 1815. It was visited by James Backhouse in February 1840 (p 561), who recorded the following: "After riding about twenty-five miles from the Amse River, we arrived, long after dark, at Afrikaners Kraal, or Jerusalem, as it was often called in the days when it was a station of the London Missionary Society. At this place, which is represented in the annexed etching, there were a considerable number of mat huts scattered under the shade of large Rozyntje Booms, which are trees such as are seldom seen in this part of South Africa, except on the banks of the Orange River". ALBANY , Cape: WMS 1821. This does not appear to have been the first Mission Station of this name to have been established in the district of Albany. The exact location of the Station referred to by John Campbell in 1813 is not known, but it could well have been the same as that established subsequently by the Wesleyan Methodists.

    55. Honour In African History - Cambridge University Press
    african National Congress (of South africa), 251, 260, 307, 313, 322 soga,WA, 251. Soglo, General, 346. Sokoto Caliphate, 38–48, 81, 107, 121, 127,

    56. ASM Vol.18
    This paper finds the maximizing strategy of indigenous herders more adaptive to the This paper studies the reproduction of the Kikuyu people and Family
    Special Issue: Social Changes and Self-Reliant Practices of Pastoral and Agricultural Peoples in Kenya pp. 121-135 Shun SATO
    Tsukuba University How the East African Pastoral Nomads, Especially the Rendille, Respond to the Encroaching Market Economy ABSTRACT
    The maximizing strategy for livestock herding of the East African pastoral nomads has been accused as irrational and thereby destroying the ecological balance of rangeland. Carrying capacity and pastoral productivity promoted in state policies, however, are arbitrary concepts. This paper finds the maximizing strategy of indigenous herders more adaptive to the precarious and drought-ridden tropical arid zone, using the Rendille herding as the main example. The Rendille further buffer themselves from market economy through manipulation of the local dual economy and the symbiotic personal relationship with the local livestock dealers. Key Words: East African pastoralism; Maximizing strategy; Rational herding; Local dual economy; Social transactions and transfers of livestock. PDF file of body text (59 KB) pp. 137-155

    57. - SITES
    The people of Wadnaba have a rich cultural history that began a long time ago inBurkina Faso collective of many birds and animals indigenous to africa.

    58. Steam In Africa 2005
    Featuring just over 2000 images of Steam in africa (except South africa), Not working steam and not even indigenous steam, but is worthy of note that
    Steam in Africa 2005 This page covers the prospects for working (and near-working steam) in Africa in 2005. Africa Angola
    th Apr 05) Botswana
    nd May 03) Cameroon
    rd May 05) Eritrea
    th Apr 05) Ethiopia
    th Jul 05 Ghana
    st Dec 02) Ivory Coast
    th Nov 01) Kenya
    th Sep 05 Mali
    nd Jan 03) Mauritius
    th Sep 05 Mocambique th May 05) Morocco th Mar 03) Nigeria th Feb 05) Sierra Leone rd May 05) South Africa th Sep 05 Sudan rd Mar 04) Tanzania th Sep 05 Togo th May 04) Zimbabwe th Sep 05 Safari Steam Our two CD-ROMs were released in late January 2003. Featuring just over 2000 images of 'Steam in Africa' (except South Africa), Click here for more information Nick Lera Video The Cape to Cairo Railway Railways of Southern Africa - lists existing locomotives. Regular contributor Paul Ash 's Southern Africa by Rail Angola Index Henry Posner III (added 8th July 1999) was told by the railway management at AfricaRail '99 Conference that "Benguela Railway: 12 steam locos are 'operational'. and the Porto Amboim system is closed, scrapping pending." Few visitors get here these days but George Buta (24th September 2001) located a report from David M. Brown earlier this year that indicates that the narrow gauge locomotives in the 'museum' at Catumbela were still present albeit somewhat overgrown..... Since when I believe the preservationists from Sandstone in South Africa

    59. TRC Submission_Reformed Presbyterian Church Of Southern Africa
    In a sense, this was a call for the liberation of African people from domination DM soga Thank you your Grace. On the question of whether the Reformed
    Reformed Presbyterian Church of Southern Africa. Testimony before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, East London, 17 November 1997. DR GIDEON KHABELA: Mr Chairperson, a charge has been laid to the churches and other leaders of churches and theologians by a certain John K. Burman, this has been referred to this morning. I will not dwell on it. In summary, I would just like to say that we reject the accusations that he levels against the churches. The question also, another question which has been posed to the church is: In which way did the RPC fail to live up to those values and principles of the christian faith which oppose human rights violations? CHAIRPERSON: DR GIDEON KHABELA: Yes, I will just highlight a few things Mr Chairperson. CHAIRPERSON: I hope I have not inhibited you Dada? DR GIDEON KHABELA: No, you have not. CHAIRPERSON: REV. D.M. SOGA CHAIRPERSON: Thank you very much. I would have hoped that any one in government would take that as - I mean it seems a thing that could in fact be effected fairly quickly, but it means that there is a job for all of us because many of those working there are our children. And we ought to be saying: "Where is Ubuntu?" It’s got nothing to do with money or anything like this. These are often old enough to be your parents. Why do you continue to behave in this way towards them? And I think it doesn’t have to wait for this commission to make a recommendation, it doesn’t have to wait for the government. I think that we, you people with your stature and so on can already be making that difference, but thank you very much.

    60. Untitled
    S84/95, 29/10/95, OECD group in Sydney on study of indigenous people s economicindependence soga, SOGB, SOGC and equivalents combined
    Appendix 1 Media Releases
    The Hon Simon Crean MP Minister for Employment, Education and Training
    Number Date Title Working Nation introduces touch screen kiosks for job seekers Crean appoints assessment panel for cooperative multi-media centres New centre boosts higher education in Kimberley region Crean issues jobs challenge to north-western Australia Crean reaffirms commitment to migrants 51,700 new jobs in June - unemployment rate falls to 8.953 per cent 'Back door' undergraduate fees a threat to university funding: Crean 5000 positions for long term unemployed people in New South Wales 3000 office admin traineeships by December: Crean Victorian automotive manufacturer expands export and job opportunities University credit transfer agency ready to run All Western Australian universities share additional student places in 1996 and 1997 New South Wales university places allocated for 1996 and 1997 Additional university places for Burnie Australia wins $US4 million contract with Turkey Breaking ground in China Crean congratulates North Western Melbourne ACC on jobs drive success Crean congratulates Melbourne East ACC on jobs drive success 1000 jobs for Australia's holiday coast: Crean Unemployment rate continues to fall: full-time employment at record level Crean: Southern Melbourne gets moving with Working Nation Government reaffirms its commitment to jobseekers on the Mornington peninsula Challenge issued to Ballarat employers: 1500 new jobs by year's end Ballarat firms benefit from Federal Government $1m - plus recruitment and training assistance

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