TURKMENISTAN Government Links turkmenistan government Links. United Opposition of Turkmenistan TheTurkmenia Foundation ôèöèàëüíûé ñàéò áúåäèíåííîé ïïîçèöèè óðêìåíèñòàíà http://www.eurasianet.org/resource/turkmenistan/links/government.shtml
Extractions: A EurasiaNet Partner Post from RFE/RL The Turkmen government at the behest of President Saparmurat Niyazov is in the midst of a drastic urban renewal project in the capital Ashgabat. These may be pleasing additions to some Turkmen who make their home in Ashgabat. But for others, the coming attractions are already the source of bitter resentment.
History Of Turkmenistan History of Turkmenistan with maps, links and articles. http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Extractions: note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses) Independence: 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union) National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1991) Constitution: adopted 18 May 1992 Legal system: based on civil law system Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Executive branch: election results: Legislative branch: under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameral People's Council or Halk Maslahaty (more than 100 seats, some of which are elected by popular vote and some of which are appointed; meets infrequently) and a unicameral Assembly or Majlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
Extractions: NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Government information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Government should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.
Turkmenistan Government Government of Turkmenistan. Country name conventional long form none conventionalshort form Turkmenistan local long form none local short form http://www.abacci.com/atlas/politics.asp?countryID=346
Turkmenistan Government Turkmenistan Government, Turkmenistan Government homepage, turkmenistan government web, Turkmenistan Government net, information about Turkmenistan http://search.asiaco.com/Turkmenistan/Government/
U.S. Embassy, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Homepage Ashgabat Alumni EWork Embassy of Turkmenistan, Washington, D.C Turkmenistan Links U.S.A. Links LATEST U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY STATEMENTS http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Extractions: note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses) Independence: 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union) National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1991) Constitution: adopted 18 May 1992 Legal system: based on civil law system Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Extractions: Overview Following the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan declared its independence on October 27, 1991. Saparmurat Niyazov became the first president of the new republic and still remains the supreme decision-maker. On December 28, 1999, Niyazov's term was extended indefinitely by the Majlis (parliament), which itself had taken office only a week earlier in flawed elections that included only candidates hand-picked by President Niyazov. Neither independent political activity nor opposition candidates are allowed in Turkmenistan. The Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) is the only legal political party. Political gatherings are illegal unless government sanctioned, and the citizens of Turkmenistan do not have the means to change their government democratically. On November 25, 2002, an armed attack against President Niyazov's motorcade was made and the Government of Turkmenistan moved quickly against perceived sources of opposition. There were widespread reports of human rights abuses committed by officials investigating the attack, including torture and punishment of families of the accused. The Government of Turkmenistan denied the charges, but refused to allow independent observers at trials, to accept a mandatory OSCE fact-finding mission, or to permit ICRC access to prisons. It also instituted new measures to stifle dissent and limit contact with the outside world.
Extractions: Overview Turkmenistanâs declaration of âpermanent neutralityâ was formally recognized by the United Nations in 1995. Although the Government of Turkmenistan favors purchases from the United States, it has significant commercial relationships with Turkey, Russia, and Iran. The government worked closely with the Taliban regime in Afghanistan until September 11, 2001, and until that time had a growing cross-border trade with the regime in Afghanistan. Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan wrestle with sharing limited water resources and regional environmental degradation caused by the shrinking of the Aral Sea. Multilaterally accepted Caspian Sea seabed and maritime boundaries have not yet been established. Iran and Turkmenistan insist on dividing the Caspian Sea into five equal sectors while Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia have generally agreed upon equidistant seabed boundaries. United States Relations For several years, Turkmenistan was a key player in the U.S. Caspian Basin Energy Initiative, which sought to facilitate negotiations between commercial partners and the Governments of Turkmenistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey to build a pipeline under the Caspian Sea and export Turkmen gas to the Turkish domestic energy market and beyondthe so-called Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP). However, the Government of Turkmenistan essentially removed itself from the negotiations in 2000 by refusing all offers by its commercial partners and making unrealistic demands for multimillion-dollar "pre-financing."