Extractions: Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES MBNMS Home Introduction Sancutary Program Accomplishments Intertidal Systems ... Credits Sea Otters in the Sanctuary A Reversing what had been a generally slow but positive growth trend, the California otter population began an apparent decline in 1994 that persists in 1998. (See Figure 1.) Sea Otter Survey Data Spring Fall Year Total Pups Total Pups PPI SPR% FAL% %Dead (PPI Pup Production Index; SPR%C % Change Total Otters, Spring; FALL%C % Change Total Otters, Fall; %DEAD % Dead as Percent of Spring Count) Survey counts can fluctuate from year to year without providing proof that the population is actually declining. However, there has been an overall decline of 11 percent between the Spring 1995 and Spring 1998 counts, a downward trend that has persisted for three years and appears real. If this rate of decline continues, the California sea otter population may qualify for an "endangered" listing under the ESA as early as the year 2000. Hand in hand with the decreased numbers from the surveys, and supporting the sense that the decline is indeed real, has been an increase in the number of dead otters recovered each year since around 1991 (shown in Figure 1 as a proportion of total otters counted the previous spring).
Extractions: Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES MBNMS Home Cover Introduction Sancutary Program Accomplishments ... Credits Examples of Endangered and Threatened Species of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary T he World Wildlife Fund has estimated that as many as one-fifth of the animals we know about today could be gone by 2025. Habitat loss, species harvest, disease, inadequate conservation laws, pollution, and the introduction of non-native species can all contribute to a species' decline. Endangered and Threatened Species Organism Federal Status
NMFS Salmon ESA Reports And Publications Pacific salmon and Artificial Propagation Under the endangered species Act MODIFICATION endangered and threatened species; Request for Information on http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/1salmon/salmesa/pubs.htm
Extractions: The National Marine Fisheries Service said today it was taking immediate action to protect central California's coho salmon population in serious decline at present by listing the species as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The announcement comes as the result of a federal court order requiring the fisheries service to make a final decision about coho by today. Fewer than 6,000 coho are returning annually to their spawning streams in central California, only a small fraction of the 50,000 to 125,000 that historically have returned to the region to spawn, the Commerce Department agency said. At the same time, the agency said it has deferred until next April 25 a final decision on whether to list two other wild populations of California and Oregon coho salmon as threatened under the Act because of "substantial disagreement" over scientific data regarding the status of these two stocks and the potential threats to their existence. The listing of the stocks in central California includes all naturally reproducing coho in at least nine major river basins from Punta Gorda in northern California south to the San Lorenzo River in Santa Cruz.
Extractions: Wild Atlantic salmon in Maine rivers are at an all-time low and face a number of threats that could drive them to extinction. As a result, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service today announced they are listing the species as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. USFWS/William W. Hartley For More Information: Import, Export and Sale of Maine Atlantic Salmon More on Atlantic Salmon The listing covers the wild population of Atlantic salmon found in rivers and streams in Maine from the lower Kennebec River north to the U.S.-Canada border. These include the Dennys, East Machias, Machias, Pleasant, Narraguagus, Ducktrap, and Sheepscot rivers and Cove Brook. Although significant progress has been made under the State of Maine's conservation plan, disease and other threats remain, and the Act's protection is critical to ensure the survival of these salmon, said Jamie Rappaport Clark, director of the Fish and Wildlife Service, and Penny Dalton, administrator of the National Marine Fisheries Service.
Extractions: Urban lands make up about 2 percent of the land base in Washington state, and most of them are located in the Puget Sound region. This 2 percent also encompasses prime spawning, rearing and migratory habitats for threatened salmon and steelhead. In March 1999 the Puget Sound Region began to address the impact of having a federally protected species in our backyards. Fifteen months later, where are we? Puget Sound Chinook are listed as threatened On March 24, 1999 the Puget Sound Chinook Salmon Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU) was listed by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). NMFS identified widespread habitat modification as one factor contributing to the decline of the Chinook. The ESU includes all naturally spawning populations of Chinook salmon from rivers and streams flowing into Puget Sound. The listing set into motion a process which, like it or not, will fundamentally affect the way Puget Sound residents live, work, and make use of real property. "Take" prohibition The ESA prohibits any activity which will result in the "taking" of an endangered species. "Taking" is broadly defined under the statute and NMFS' regulations, and has been broadened even further by the United States Supreme Court's construction of the statute and regulations.
Governor's Salmon Recovery Office The ultimate goal of the ESA is to return endangered and threatened species to the point where they no longer need the law s protections. http://www.governor.wa.gov/gsro/faq/default.htm
Extractions: Home About Us Monitoring Publications ... FAQs The Endangered Species Act was enacted by Congress in 1973 in response to an alarming decline of many animal and plant species. The ultimate goal of the ESA is to return endangered and threatened species to the point where they no longer need the law's protections. The ESA has three basic missions: (1) to identify species needing protection and the means necessary to protect and recover those species; (2) to prevent harm to listed species; and (3) to prevent and punish the so-called "taking" of listed species and destruction of their habitats. A species is listed as "endangered" if it is in danger of extinction, or "threatened" if it is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future. The Act provides a variety of tools for saving species threatened with extinction. One widely used tool is the Habitat Conservation Plan which offers protection to landowners in exchange for a promise to manage land in a way that minimizes impacts to listed species. Another tool is adoption of protective regulations, commonly called the "4(d) rules" named after a section in the ESA. The National Marine Fisheries Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service share responsibility for administration of the ESA. Generally, NMFS is responsible for species in marine environments and anadromous fish, while the USFWS oversees terrestrial and freshwater species and migratory birds.
Endangered Species Federal Register Publications 3/24/99 endangered and threatened species threatened Status for Three Chinook species threatened Status for Ozette Lake Sockeye salmon in Washington. http://www.fws.gov/endangered/federalregister/1999/99MAR.HTML
Extractions: March, 1999 These Federal Register documents do not include those published for foreign endangered or threatened species. They also do not include documents related to the administration or implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered and Threatened Species (CITES). Federal Register publications available on this site reflect the domestic mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Endangered Species Program, which is the conservation and recovery of listed species of plants and animals native to the United States and its territories. Other Federal Register publications with relevance to endangered species issues may be found here. 3/5/99: Availability of Draft Revised Recovery Plan for Gila Topminnow for Review and Comment
Extractions: This 4(d) Rule Implementation Binder describes the submittal and review process NMFS will use to evaluate programs to see if they qualify for a limit as it is defined in the final 4(d) rule for salmon and steelhead (65 FR 42422, July 10, 2000). It complements the final 4(d) rule by providing specific guidance to interested parties about: (1) what must be included in a 4(d) limit submittal; (2) the process, criteria, and schedule NMFS will use when evaluating program submittals; (3) whether and how the public will receive notice of the submittal; and (4) how a limit will be authorized. The contents of this 4(d) Rule Implementation Binder do not constitute regulation. Individuals should refer to the Federal Register notice for the regulatory language governing activities under the rule. Citizen's Guide to the 4(d) Rule for Threatened Salmon and Steelhead on the West Coast In June 2000, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) adopted a rule prohibiting the "take" of 14 groups of salmon and steelhead listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). NMFS adopted the take rule under section 4(d) of the ESA. This Citizen's Guide to the 4(d) Rule introduces and explains the rule. It complements the final rule published in the
Extractions: These factsheets and news releases have been formatted for dissemination on the Internet by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), SeaWorld/Busch Gardens (SW/BG), World Wildlife Fund , and EE-Link . (In parentheses after each entry find the initials of the original source). A few of these species are not currently on the FWS Threatened and Endangered list because of species recovery, or may be threatened in a limited area. Contents:
Extinct, Endangered And Threatened Species threatened species are likely to become endangered in the future. There are 1072 endangered and threatened species in the world. The list includes http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0906937.html
Extractions: Now you don't need a degree in wildlife biology to find out. The Endangered Species Series teaches you about endangered and threatened species. Each course provides an in-depth look at important issues in educational and entertaining ways. Most importantly, each course provides you with a variety of ways that you can make a difference for these precious species. Here are some examples of courses you can take: Nature's Fire Alarms is the first course in the series and provides the foundation for all the other courses. This course will teach you about important concepts such as biodiversity, and it provides definitions of terms you'll encounter in the other courses. If you decide to take the Endangered Species Series, please start with this course. It introduces concepts that are expanded upon in later courses. Causes of Species Loss and Decline teaches that more than 11,000 species of plants and animals are dangerously close to extinction! This includes one in every four mammals and one in every eight bird species. Why are such large numbers of wildlife in peril? Take this course and find out.
Extractions: Endangered Animal Printouts Endangered animals are those species that are in danger of going extinct. Their reproductive rates are lower than their mortality rates over long periods of time, so their numbers are diminishing. The reasons for this are varied, but lately, very often involves a loss of habitat as people encroach on their living areas. When a species is listed as endangered or threatened, it is not a death sentence. Many animals, like the bald eagle and the American alligator, were on the brink of extinction and are now recovering. Many species, however, will not recover, and could be lost forever. Throughout time, animal species have been going extinct (long before people evolved); paleontologists estimate that well over 90 percent of all plant and animal species that ever existed have gone extinct.
Deleting Scientific Advice On Endangered Salmon However, the court ruled that, under the endangered species Act, Shift on salmon Reignites Fight on species Law, The New York Times, p. A1. May 9. http://www.ucsusa.org/global_environment/rsi/page.cfm?pageID=1444
Articles And Editorials endangered species Act continue to submit certain species conservation designation of critical habitats for endangered and threatened species as part http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?j106:I03951:j106ELLIOT.html
Endangered Species Act Program Portland s endangered species Act Program was created in March 1998, system as a threatened species under the federal endangered species Act. Portland http://www.portlandonline.com/bes/index.cfm?c=29710
Extractions: The Private Stewardship Program provides assistance directly to landowners for managing their lands in ways that benefit species and their habitats. It was begun in Fiscal Year 2002 (with grants first awarded in FY 2003) and funded through the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Private landowners may also be eligible for funding made available to states and territories through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund. FY 2005 Funding Purpose Species Benefiting Competition Financial Match Requirement* $6.9 Million local, private, and voluntary conservation efforts federally listed threatened or endangered species, proposed species, candidate species, or other at-risk species regional competition 10% to be provided in cash or through in-kind contributions Grants for states and territories