Salmoninfo.org - For All Things Salmon Recovery agency in charge of Endangered Species Act recovery for salmon species. They also have a lot of information about the various salmon species http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Pacific Salmon And The Endangered Species Act Main page of the National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Region, Protected Resources Division, pertaining to Pacific Salmon and the Endangered http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
96 RedFish BlueFish Ecologic resource with articles on endangered salmon and salmon recovery plans in Idaho. Information on Snake River Dams and Columbia River Dams and http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Salmon Conservation Recovery In King County Endangered Species Chinook salmon and bull trout, King County Government's response. Salmon and the waters in which they live define our http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Atlantic Salmon Federation - Conservation Leader A nonprofit federation to promote conservation and management of the atlantic salmon and its environment. Offers self-history, issues, action, the http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Idaho Rivers United Home Salmon Steelhead. River Protection Hydro/Energy. Support IRU. Activism. About IRU. River Store. Events http://tmsyn.wc.ask.com/r?t=an&s=hb&uid=24312681243126812&sid=343126
Endangered Species Act - Salmon: Laws The endangered species Act (ESA) was enacted in 1973 to establish a program for threatened salmon and Steelhead on the West Coast, NMFS; The endangered http://www.mrsc.org/environment/esa/esalaws.htm
Extractions: document.write("") document.write("") document.write("") document.write("") document.write("") document.write("") document.write("") Legal Resources Research Tools Subjects Services ... Sample Local Government Docs document.write("") Subjects Environment ESA Printer Friendly Updated 10/04 The following list includes some of the significant federal laws relating to protection of salmon and other fish species: The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was enacted in 1973 to establish a program to identify and conserve species of fish, wildlife, and plants that are declining in population to the point where they are now, or maybe within the foreseeable future, at the risk of extinction. The ESA prohibits killing or harming an endangered species in any way, including significant modification of critical habitat for the species. It requires federal agencies to develop programs to conserve and to help recover endangered and threatened species. Under the ESA, a species likely to become extinct in the foreseeable future is categorized as "endangered"; one likely to become endangered is categorized as "threatened." Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.
Extractions: 4(d) rule proposed by National Marine Fisheries Service governing "take" of Puget Sound chinook and six other threatened salmon populations. This rule provides guidance on what activities are likely to be in violation of the ESA. NMFS slideshow on the proposed 4(d) rules (external link) The Endangered Species Act and habitat conservation plans
Extractions: For release: March 16, 1999 King County responds to federal listing of salmon as a threatened species with conservation plan King County today responded to the listing of chinook salmon under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) with a conservation plan aimed at saving the salmon and ensuring continued success of the area's vibrant economy. "Our Wild Pacific salmon have great cultural, economic, recreational and symbolic importance in the Pacific Northwest. An abundant chinook salmon population is indicative of a thriving environment," said King County Executive Ron Sims in presenting the plan that represents the work of the county and its cities. "Conversely, an environment that causes the extinction of this species raises serious issues about our region's future quality of life. We will not damage either." The listing of the chinook salmon as a threatened species under the federal ESA challenges the Puget Sound region to reverse the trends that threaten or endanger the existence of our native salmon, Sims said. "Our goal is to ensure long-term protection of our salmon resources at not only sustainable, but harvestable levels for today and tomorrow with the least economic impact possible. In short, we must meet the challenge of saving the salmon in harmony with our population growth and economic prosperity," Sims said.
Legislation & Regulations: Endangered Species Act threatened species have a lower risk of extinction than do endangered species. is endangered, and many other runs of Chinook salmon are threatened, http://www.redlodgeclearinghouse.org/legislation/esa2.html
Extractions: If an animal or plant species is listed as "endangered," the highest level of protection the act provides, the species is considered to be in danger of extinction throughout a large part of its range. It is possible that a species can be listed as endangered in one place but not another. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) maintains a list of species that have been listed as endangered. For a species to be listed as "threatened," there must be a significant risk that the species is going to become endangered. Threatened species have a lower risk of extinction than do "endangered" species. As a result, state and federal agencies may have some greater flexibility in how they manage a threatened species than an endangered species. The USFWS maintains a list of species that have been listed as threatened. Generally speaking, a "species" is a group of related plants or animals that can interbreed to produce offspring. Under the ESA, the word "species" is used more broadly to include any "subspecies" of fish, wildlife, or plants, and also any "distinct population segment" of fish and wildlife species that can interbreed.
Extractions: Line Art (3.6 K image) Line Art (3.6 K image) [US FWS Line Art by Robert Savannah] The upriver salmon migration is one of nature's most exciting dramas. But to the five species of Pacific salmon (chinook, chum, coho, pink, and sockeye), it is a long, strenuous, desperate race against time, with every obstacle taking its toll. Pacific salmon belong to a group called anadromous fish that includes Atlantic salmon, sturgeon, lampreys, shad, herring, sea- run cutthroat trout, and steelhead trout. These species hatch and live the first part of their lives in fresh water, then migrate to the ocean to spend their adult lives, which may be as short as 6 months or as long as 7 years. When they reach sexual maturity, they return to the freshwater stream of their origin to lay their eggs. Pacific salmon make the round trip only once, but some Atlantic salmon may repeat the cycle several times. Migration between fresh and salt water occurs during every season of the year, depending on latitude and genetic characteristics of the fish. Groups of fish that migrate together are called runs or stocks. Salmon spawn in virtually all types of freshwater habitat, from intertidal areas to high mountain streams. Pacific salmon may swim hundreds, even thousands, of miles to get back to the stream where they hatched. However, only a small percentage of salmon live to reach their natal stream or spawning grounds. Those males that survive the trip are often gaunt, with grotesquely humped backs, hooked jaws, and battle-torn fins. The females are swollen with a pound or more of eggs. Both have large white patches of bruised skin on their backs and sides.
Extractions: LISTED SPECIES Status Date Sacramento Winter Chinook Endangered Nov 1990 Snake River Sockeye Endangered Nov 1991 Snake River Fall Chinook Threatened Apr 1992 Snake River Spring Summer Chinook Threatened Apr 1992 Umpqua River Cutthroat Trout Endangered Aug 1996 Central California Coho Salmon Threatened Oct 1996 Southern Oregon/California Coho Threatened May 1997 Snake River Basin Steelhead Threatened Aug 1997 Upper Columbia Steelhead Endangered Aug 1997 Southern California Steelhead Endangered Aug 1997 Central California Steelhead Threatened Aug 1997 South Central Steelhead Threatened Aug 1997 Upper Redfish Sockeye Threatened April 1, 1999 Central California Coho Threatened April 1, 1999 Southern Oregon/Northern California Coasts Coho Threatened April 1, 1999 Oregon Coast Coho Threatened April 1, 1999 STATUS REVIEWS PENDING West Coast Chum Salmon Dec 1997 West Coast Sockeye Salmon Dec 1997 West Coast Chinook Jan 1998 West Coast Sea Run Cutthroat Dec 1998 Puget Sound/Strait of Georgia Coho Candidate April 1, 1999
ODFW - Threatened And Endangered Species Oregon threatened and endangered species List Oregon species Listed Under the Federal Lower Columbia River Coho salmon. Oncorhynchus kisutch http://www.dfw.state.or.us/threatened_endangered/t_e.html
Extractions: Scientific Name Category Fish Hutton Spring Tui Chub Gila bicolor sap. *T Borax Lake Chub Gila boraxobius *E Bosket Spring Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus ssp *T Warner Sucker Catostomus warnerensis *T Snake River Chinook Salmon (Spring/Summer) Oncorhynchus tshawytscha *T Snake River Chinook Salmon (Fall) Oncorhynchus tshawytscha *T Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch E Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi *T Lost River Sucker Deltistes luxatus *E Shortnose Sucker Chasmistes brevirostris *E Amphibians and Reptiles Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas *E Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea *E Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta *T Pacific Ridley Sea Turtle Lepidochelys olivacea *T Birds Short-tailed Albatross Diomedea albatrus *E Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis *E Aleutian Canada Goose Branta canadensis leucopareia E Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus *T American Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus anatum E Arctic Peregrine Falcon