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1. Ma'ruf Al-Karkhi
ABU MAHFUZ MA`RUF IBN FIRUZ alkarkhi. He is one of the ancient and principalShaykhs, and was famed for his generosity and devoutness.
He is one of the ancient and principal Shaykhs, and was famed for his generosity and devoutness. This notice of him should have come earlier in the book, but I have placed it here in accordance with two venerable persons who wrote before me, one of them a relater of traditions and the other an independent authority ( sahib tasarruf ) – I mean Shaykh Abu `Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami, who in his work adopts the arrangement which I have followed, and the Master and Imam Abu ‘l-Qasim al-Qushayri, who has put the notice of Ma`ruf in the same order in the introductory portion of his book [ I have chosen this arrangement because Ma`ruf was the master of Sari Saqati and the disciple of Dawud Ta’i. At first Ma`ruf was a non-Muslim ( begana ), but he made profession of Islam to `Ali ibn Musa al-Rida, who held him in the highest esteem. NOTES ] This statement is not accurate. The notice of Ma`ruf Karkhi is the fourth in Qushayri’s list of biographies at the beginning of his treatise on Sufism, and stands between the notices of Fudayl ibn `Iyad and Sari Saqati. In the Tabaqat al-Sufiyya , by Abu `Abd al-Rahman al.Sulami, the notice of Ma`ruf comes tenth in order, but occupies the same position as it does here in so far as it is preceded by the article on Abu Sulayman Darani and is folIowed by the article on Hatim al-Asamm. It appears from the next sentence that aI-Hujwiri intended to place the life of Ma`ruf between those of Dawud Ta’f and Sari Saqati (Nos. 14 and 15), but neither of the two above-mentioned authorities has adopted this arrangement.

2. Abu Bekr Ibn Muhammad Ibn Al
The first comment that we must make regards alKaraji's name. It appears both as al-Karaji and as al-karkhi but this is not a simple matter

3. - Features
alkarkhi relates to Karkh, a suburb of Baghdad, where the author flourished under In order to understand al-karkhi s importance and the meaning of his
24.August.2005 Category: The Science of Histo Professor Aydin Sayili - a short biography This short article is taken from the full article which is available here as a PDF file
This article was first published in the Turkish review Erdem 25 (Ankara 1996), pp. 31-57. We are grateful to Imran Baba, editor of Erdem for allowing publication. his, vol. 33, 1942, p. 714; vol. 39, 1948, p. 240). In 1943, Professor Sayili returned to Turkey and entered his academic career in an auxiliary capacity at the Faculty of Letters (Dil ve Tarih-Cografya Fakultesi) of what became some three years thereafter Ankara University. In 1946, he became assistant professor (docent) at the same faculty. In 1952, he was promoted to associate professorship and in 1958 to full professorship (ordinarius professor). In 1952, an independent chair of the history of science was officially established in the Faculty of Letters at Ankara University. This is one of the earliest of the chairs of its kind in the world and the first in Turkey. Professor Sayili was its director ever since its foundation until his retirement in 1983. He also served as chairman of the Department of Philosophy of the same faculty since its official foundation in 1974 as an administrative unit. It consisted of six chairs. In 1947, Professor Sayili was elected to full membership of the Turkish Historical Society. In 1957, he became corresponding member of the International Academy of the History of Science. In 1961 he was made full member of the same academy and in 1962 he was selected for a period of three years to the position of vice president. Professor Sayili is an honorary member of the Society of Turkish Librarians and of "Die Deutschen Morgenl¤ndische Gesellshaft" (1989) and has served for several years as the head of the section for dealing with the Middle Ages of the Turkish Historical Society. In 1977, he received the "service award" of the Turkish Society for Scientific and Technological Research and in 1981 "the certificate of merit award" of Istanbul Technical University for work in the history of science. In 1992, he received also the "service award" of ILESAM. P

4. Silsila -initiatory Chain - Of Sidi Hamza Al Qadiri Al Boutshishi
Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Talib Hasan alBasri Habib ul Ajami Sulaiman Dawud Tai Maruf al-karkhi Abul Hasan Siri Saqti Abul Qasim Junaid

5. - Features
alkarkhi relates to Karkh, a suburb of Baghdad, where the author It isconfirmed by others that al-karkhi wrote all his mathematical and almost all his

6. Ma'ruf Al-Karkhi
ABU MAHFUZ MA`RUF IBN FIRUZ alkarkhi. He is one of the ancient and principal Shaykhs, and was famed for his generosity and devoutness.

7. Al-Karaji
It appears both as alKaraji and as al-karkhi but this is not a simple matter of The name al-karkhi would indicate that the mathematician came from the
Abu Bekr ibn Muhammad ibn al-Husayn Al-Karaji
Born: 13 April 953 in Baghdad (now in Iraq)
Died: about 1029
Previous (Chronologically) Next Biographies Index Previous (Alphabetically) Next Main index
Version for printing
The first comment that we must make regards al-Karaji's name. It appears both as al-Karaji and as al-Karkhi but this is not a simple matter of two different transliterations of the same Arabic name. The significance is that Karaj is a city in Iran and if the mathematician's name is al-Karaji then certainly his family were from that city. On the other hand Karkh is one of the original suburbs of Baghdad which grew up outside the southern gate of the original city. The name al-Karkhi would indicate that the mathematician came from the suburb of Baghdad. Historians seem divided as to which of these interpretations is correct. The version al-Karkhi was proposed by Woepcke (see [7] or [8]) but al-Karaji, the version which is most often used in texts today, was suggested as most likely by della Vida in 1933. Rashed comments (see [1] or [5]):- In the present state of our knowledge delle Vida's argument is plausible but not decisive. On the basis of the manuscripts consulted it is far from easy to decide in favour of either name.

8. History Of Islamic Science - The Time Of Abu-l-wafa
alkarkhi Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn al-Hassan (or Husain) al-Hasib (the calculator) al-karkhi, meaning of Karkh, a suburb of Bagdad.

9. Architects Of The Scientific Thought In Islamic Civilization
alkarkhi was one of the eminent Muslim mathematicians(104), and "one of the greatest mathematicians who had a real influence on the progress of

UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA 11800 PENANG TEL (04) 6577888 FAX (04) 6573678 STAFF. Name, , Abbas Fadhi Mubarek al-karkhi. Back.

11. NNL Database - Browse - List
1 alkarkhi, Muhammad ibn Sahl ibn al-Marzuban See $$aIbn al-Marzuban al-karkhi, Muhammad ibn Sahl 1 Karki Bahadur, Indra 1 Karklins, Rasma

12. History Of Islamic Science - The Time Of Abu-l-wafa
The greatest of them all, alkarkhi was chiefly an arithmatician and It isas if al-karkhi had considered the use of Hindu numerals as vulgar and
History of Islamic Science 6
Based on the book
Introduction to the History of Science by George Sarton
(provided with photos and portraits)
Edited and prepared by Prof. Hamed A. Ead
These pages are edited by Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead, Professor of Chemistry at the Faculty of Science -University of Cairo, Giza, Egypt and director of the Science Heritage Center
Web site:
Back to Islamic Alchemy

The Time of Al-Biruni First Half of Eleventh Century
Muslim Mathematics and astronomy It is almost like passing from the shade to the open sun and from a sleepy world into one tremendously active. For the sake of convenience, I divide Muslim mathematicians into three groups: those of the West, those of Egypt, who occupied, so to speak, an intermediate position, and those of the East. This is also a logical division, for though communications between the eastern and western ends of the Islam were frequent (there were a number of itinerant scholars to whom the universality of Islam seems to have been a continual provocation to move on from place to place), it is clear that local influences were felt more constantly and to greater advantage. I named these Eastern mathematicians, as well as possible, in chronological order. This does not, perhaps, bring out with sufficient clearness the full complexity of their activities. In the first place, observe that, I did not mention a single astrologer; only one named in this section flourished not in the East, but in the orthodox Tunis, where there was much less freedom of thought. In the second place, if we leave out of account the astronomical work, which was determined by practical necessities, we find that there were two distinct streams of mathematical thought: the one theoretical represented by Ibn al-Husain, Abu-l-Jud, and al-Karkhi, the other, more practical, represented by al-Nasawi and Ibn Tahir. Al-Biruni and Ibn Sina can not be included in that classification, for they were equally in the most abstruse and in the most practical questions; they had no contempt for humble means, for there are no small matters for great minds.

13. NNL Database - Browse - List
784845$$x(about) 1 Muhammad ibn Sahl ibn al-Marzuban al-karkhi See $$aIbn al-Marzuban al-karkhi, Muhammad ibn Sahl

14. Extreme Taqleed Of The Deobandis 2: Understanding Hadeeth In Accordance With The
(in opposition of what Hanafees say); it is either under Naskh or must bealtered.’ alkarkhi, Risalah al-karkhi , Cairo; al-Maktaba al-Arabiya, p.84-85
Contents Chapter 12: The Deobandi’s Understanding of Taqleed 2: Understanding Hadeeth in Accordance with the Madhhab
Extreme Taqleed of the Deobandis
2: Understanding Hadeeth in Accordance with the Madhhab
Whilst the Deobandis claim that in matters in which the Qur’aan and Hadeeth are clear there is no Qiyas or Ijtihad , their actions are totally contradictory to this.
Moulana Zakariyah says in his autobiography, Aap Beti, “…as I have already mentioned that my father’s teaching methods were completely unique. He taught the whole of Mishkat without translations. He did, however, give translations of Hadeeth when asked to do so and by way of testing, he himself used to ask for the translations of Hadeeth. It was a crime for any student to look up translations in Mazahir-Haqq (the school). But it was necessary to look up Tahawi and Hidaya, and to take out the Hadeeth appearing in Mishkat from the Sihaah Kitabs. It was also necessary to judge the Hadeeth and indicate whether they were in favor of the Hanafee Madhhab or against. Should a Hadeeth appear to be against the Hanafees, it was my duty to provide the argument of the Hanafees as well as the answer to that specific Hadeeth. I cannot remember not providing any Hanafee arguments for any mas’alah because I had the opportunity of checking Hidaya and its commentaries...”
Here we see the attitude of the author of Fazaail-e-Aamaal that instead of checking whether the “Deobandi version of the Hanafee Madhhab” is in accordance with the saying, actions and approvals of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), he scrutinizes which Hadeeth opposes his Madhhab. Furthermore, he shamelessly admits that he is good at refuting the words of the most truthful Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) that oppose his Madhhab.

15. Al-Karaji
The first comment that we must make regards alKaraji's name. It appears both as al-Karaji and as al-karkhi but this is not a simple matter

16. Ourlife75
These earrings were designed by Sawsen Al Karkhi who is still in Iraq. Her grandfather was a wellknown popular poet, Mullah Aboud Al Karkhi.

Salaat by Shaykh Abi l Hasan alkarkhi Rahmatullahi alaih Allahumma Salli alaaMuhammad-in Wa alaa aali Muhammad-in Mil ad-dunyaa wa mil al aakhirah
Accept Islam for your salvation
Live according to Islam for your spiritual progress
Al-Fatiha (The Opening) Dedication Intention Invitation ... What's New Salawaat by Sufi Mashaaikh
An Appreciation by Siddiq Osman Noormuhammad

To recapitulate, Dalaail u'l Khayraat is a selected compilation of salawaat from among the salawaat that existed in the time of Imam al-Jazuli Rahmatullahi 'alaih (passed away in 870 A.H/1465 C.E). That being the case, everyone is naturally curious to find out which of the salawaat had been composed upto his time. Since he has not provided references of who composed the salawaat , which are the ones he composed himself, where they originated from, or how they are named, one has to reference other kutub (books) to find that out for oneself: books such as Afdhal u's Salawaat The Best of Blessings ) of Imam Yusuf an-Nab'haani, Abwaab al Faraj Doors of Freedom From Sorrow ) and Shawaariq u'l Anwaar Brilliant Burst of Sunshine ) of Imam As-Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani

18. Post A Message To Sci.math
explain in lay terms what alKharki's method is? TIA You mean al-karkhi, aka al-Karagi, aka al-Karaji. I don't know what 'al-karkhi method

19. Our Publications
Shaykh Abi l Hasan alkarkhi, the companion of Shaykh Ma ruf al-karkhi, SayyidinaAhmad al-Rifa iy (passed away 1182 CE), Sayyidina Ahmad al-Badawi (596-675
Welcome to Islam
Accept Islam for your salvation
Live according to Islam for your spiritual progress Our Publications (After each name, recite Rady Allahu 'Anhu/ Naf'an Allahu Bih or QaddasAllahu Sirrahul 'Azeez or Rahmatullahu 'alaih as appropriate).
  • The Writings of Mawlana al-Haddad
    (1044-1132 A.H), Dhul Qa'dah 1417/March 1997.
    (56 pages) Aqeedatul Islam Li'l Imam Shaykh ul Islam As-Sayyid Abdallah bin 'Alawi al-Haddad al-Husayni al-Hadrami,
    (The Muslim Creed, in Arabic, by Mawlana al-Haddad), with translations
    • in English by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, in Urdu by Janab Sayyid Abdul Mun'im Nazir saheb, and in Somali by Shaykh Ahmad Yusuf Dualle,
    Dhul Qa'dah 1416/March 1996.
    (24 pages) Qasaaid Mukhtaarah Li'l Imam Shaykh ul Islam Qutb ud Da'wah wa'l Irshad al-Habib Abdallah bin 'Alawi al-Haddad al-Hadrami ash-Shafi'iy,
    (Selected Hymns and Eulogies by Mawlana al-Haddad),
    (28 pages) Qasaaid udh-Dhikr Li Ahlil Qaadiriyyah
    (Qasaaid of Dhikr Among The Qaadiriyyah, Book I), (16 pages) Qasaaid udh-Dhikr Li Ahlil Qaadiriyyah (Qasaaid of Dhikr Among The Qaadiriyyah, Book II)
  • 20. Islamic Legal Theory
    Usul alkarkhi. The first book on Islamic legal maxims by `Abd Allah ibn al-Husaynal-karkhi (d. 340/951). Translated by Imran Ahsan Nyazee, reviewed by Dr.
    The discipline of Usul al-Fiqh has received great attention from scholars in every century and rightly so. Today, our expectations from this discipline have increased manifold due to the contact of Muslim societies with other civilizations. The discipline deals with interpretation and legal reasoning. It deals with a large body of rules that guide interpretation. In short, it is not one but many disciplines. Accordingly, this section is divided below into a number sub-disciplines that show that expanse and scope of this field. Sub-title 1: Usul al-Fiqh. This discipline has been called legal theory, principles of Islamic jurisprudence or simply Islamic jurisprudence. It deals with the sources of Islamic law or the criteria of validity for the legal rule in Islamic law. Major discussions include the description of the sources and the methods of legal reasoning. Outlines of Islamic Jurisprudence by Imran Ahsan Nyazee. Download book (1.9MB zip file). This book deals, in a concise way, with fiqh or the substantive law as well as well as with the schools of law along with usul al-fiqh . The first edition of this book was sold out, and work on the second revised edition is nearing completion.

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