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         Abraham Bar Hiyya:     more books (25)
  1. The Meditation of the Sad Soul (Littman Library of Jewish Civilization) by Abraham Bar Hiyya Savasorda, 1984-06-21
  2. 12th-Century Mathematicians: Omar Khayyám, Adelard of Bath, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Al-Khazini, Bhaskara Ii, Sharaf Al-Din Al-usi
  3. Spanish Astrologers: Abraham Ibn Ezra, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Ibn Arabi, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Al-Zarqali, Arnaldus de Villa Nova
  4. Medieval European Mathematics: Fibonacci, Alcuin, Adelard of Bath, Thomas Bradwardine, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Jordanus de Nemore, Abacus School
  5. 1136 Deaths: Harald Iv of Norway, William de Corbeil, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Gwenllian Ferch Gruffydd, Hugues de Payens, Leopold Iii
  6. Spanish Mathematicians: Abraham Bar Hiyya, Enrique Zuazua, José Celestino Mutis, David Ríos Insua, Esteban Terradas I Illa
  7. Jewish Astrologers: Abraham Ibn Ezra, Jewish Views on Astrology, Philip Berg, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Mashallah, Jackie Stallone, David Gans
  8. Translators to Hebrew: Arabic-hebrew Translators, Latin-hebrew Translators, Jacob Anatoli, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Reuven Snir, Joseph Kimhi
  9. La Obra Sefer Hesbon Kahlekot Ha-kokabim De R. Abraham Bar Hiyya Ha-Bargeloni. Edicion Critica, Con Traduccion Introduccion y Notas Por Jose M. Millas Vallicrosa by Jose M. Millas, Ed. Abraham Bar Hiyya Ha-Bargeloni. Vallicrosa, 1959
  10. Spanish Jews: Ricardo Bofill, Jehuda Cresques, Spanish and Portuguese Jews, Petrus Alphonsi, Gabriel Milan, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Judah Halevi
  11. Catalan Astronomers: Abraham Bar Hiyya, Josep Comas Solà, Dionís Renart, Lupitus of Barcelona, Jaume Nomen
  12. Spanish Astronomers: Petrus Alphonsi, Abraham Bar Hiyya, Josef de Mendoza Y Ríos, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Al-Zarqali, Antonio de Ulloa
  13. La Obra Forma De La Tierra De R. Abraham Bar Hiyya ha-Bargeloni by Abraham Bar Hiyya Savasorda, 1956-01-01
  14. Judaism As A Philosophy : The Philosophy of Abraham Bar Hiyya (1065 - 1143) by Leon D. Stitskin, 1960

41. List Of Muslims -- Facts, Info, And Encyclopedia Article
(Click link for more info and facts about abraham bar hiyya HaNasi) Abraham barHiyya Ha-Nasi See also list of inventions by Muslims, (Click link for more
List of Muslims
[Categories: Lists of people by belief, Islam]
This page is an incomplete list of prominent and famous (or infamous) people who are (A believer or follower of Islam) Muslim s - followers of (The monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran) Islam
People associated with Islam
Traditional Theologians and Philosophers
The Prophet (Leader of Black Muslims who campaigned for independence for Black Americans (1897-1975)) Muhammad (PBUH)
(Click link for more info and facts about Abu Muslim) Abu Muslim
(Click link for more info and facts about Al-Dinawari) Al-Dinawari
(Click link for more info and facts about Al-Farabi) Al-Farabi
(Click link for more info and facts about Al-Ghazali) Al-Ghazali
(Click link for more info and facts about Al-Kindi) Al-Kindi
(Click link for more info and facts about Al-Tirmidhi) Al-Tirmidhi
(Click link for more info and facts about Ibn Sina) Ibn Sina
(Click link for more info and facts about Ibn Taymiya) Ibn Taymiya
(Click link for more info and facts about Razi) Razi (Click link for more info and facts about Wasil ibn Ata) Wasil ibn Ata See also (Click link for more info and facts about early Muslim philosophy) early Muslim philosophy (Click link for more info and facts about Islamic philosophy) Islamic philosophy
(Click link for more info and facts about Shia Imams) Shia Imams (main shia Theologians and Philosophers after the Prophet)
See: (Click link for more info and facts about List of Shia Imams)

42. Arabian Astronomy
1040), Arzachel (AlZarqali, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Yahya) (1028-1087), Khayyáam,Omar (1048-1122), abraham bar hiyya Ha-nasi (c. 1065-c.
Return to The Worlds of David Darling
entire Web this site
Arabian astronomy
Following Ptolemy Greek astronomy rapidly declined and ended with the Arabian conquest of Alexandria in A.D. 641. Although the magnificent library and museum were destroyed, the Arabs encouraged learning and for the next 800 years developed an important astronomical tradition of their own. Observatories were established at a number of cities including Damascus, Cairo, Baghdad, and Meragha. One of the greatest stimuli to Arabian astronomy was the need to calculate and maintain the Islamic calendar , which demanded new mathematical methods and more precise timekeeping. Among the greatest of Arabic astronomers were Al-Farghani (?-c. 861), Albategnius (Al-Battani, Muhammad ibn Jabir) (c. 850-929), Al-Sufi , Abd al-Rahman (903-986), Abu’l-Wafa’, Mohammed Al-Buzjani (940-998), Al-Quhi, Abu Sahl Wayjan ibn Rustam (c. 940-c. 1000), Alhazen (Abu Ali al Hassan ibn al Haitham) (c. 965-c. 1040)

43. PHILTAR - Compendium Of Philosophers/A
abraham bar hiyya (10701136). An introduction to his life and work. Abramowski,Edward (1868-1918). A substantial account of his life and work
Compendium of Philosophers

Links to materials by and/or about over a thousand philosophers from thousands of years from all over the world from A to Z This compendium contains entries large and small, single or multiple, on hundreds of philosophers. Links vary in size from a few lines of biography to the whole of the Summa Theologica. Sometimes you are directed to a site which has further links. In that case there is no guarantee that all the further links will work, but enough work to make a visit worthwhile. This compendium does not provide links to philosophers’ own home pages. A list of them can be found here A B C ... Z Abarca, Pedro (1619-1693) Abelard, Peter (1079-1142) Abercrombie, John (1780-1844) Abhinavagupta (10th/11th century) Abraham bar Hiyya (1070-1136) Abramowski, Edward (1868-1918)

44. Digital Scriptorium: Author List
Abraham Abulafia. abraham bar hiyya haNasi. Abraham ibn Ezra. Abu-I-Hasanal-Mukhtar ibn al-Hasan ibn Abdun ibn Sa dun ibn Butlan (ibn Butlan)
Digital Scriptorium: Author List (alphabetical order)
Terms listed here are not directly linked to the database; please retype or copy and paste them from here into the search form.
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  • A Minister of the Church of England
  • Abbot Ruotbertus
  • Abraham Abulafia
  • Abraham bar Hiyya ha-Nasi
  • Abraham ibn Ezra
  • Abu-I-Hasan al-Mukhtar ibn al-Hasan ibn Abdun ibn Sa'dun ibn Butlan (ibn Butlan)
  • Aegidius Columna (Aegidius Romanus)
  • Aegidius of Paris (Aegidius Parisiensis)
  • Aegidius Romanus
  • Aelred of Rievaulx
  • Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Pius II)
  • Aesop
  • Agostino Dati
  • Ahmad ibn Muhammad Rasis
  • Albert of Saxony
  • Albertino Mussato
  • Albertus de Gandino
  • Albertus de Saxonia (Albert of Halberstadt)
  • Albertus Magnus
  • Albertus Magnus ? Hugh of Strassburg ?
  • Albohazen Haly, son of Abenragel
  • Alcuin
  • Aldobrandino da Siena
  • Alessandro de Ritiis; Buccio di Ranallo; Niccolo Cieco d'Arezzo; Antonio Pucci; Giorgio da Sommariva
  • Alexander Boswell
  • Alexander de Villa Dei
  • Alexander Nequam
  • Alexander of Hales
  • Alfonso X of Castile
  • Alfonso X, the Learned, King of Castile and León
  • Alfraganus
  • al-Khwarizmi
  • Alkindi
  • Alonso Gallego
  • Alphonsus of Burgos
  • Ambrose
  • 'Amr
  • Andrea Alciati
  • Andrea Lanfreducci
  • Andreas Coquus
  • Andreas de Escobar
  • Andreas de Isernia
  • Androinus de Rocha, titular cardinal of St. Marcellus
  • 45. - Topics
    It was also transmitted through the Hebrew treatise of abraham bar hiyya, itselftranslated into Latin by Plato of Tivoli.17 Plato s translation appeared

    46. Sefardi Authors
    abraham bar hiyya Savasorda, ca. 1065ca. 1136. Alfonso, de Valladolid (SeeAbner, of Burgos, b. ca. 1270). Barrios, Miguel de, 1635-1701, PQ6279.B35
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    47. Sefarad Bibliography
    abraham bar hiyya Savasorda, ca. 1065ca. 1136. La obra enciclopédica yesodeha-tebuna u-migdal ha-emuna / de abraham bar hiyya ha-Bargeloni ; edicioó
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    48. Calendars - Credits, Feedback, Bibliography
    The oldest systematic and complete book on the present fixed Jewish calendar isthe work of abraham bar hiyya(born c. 1065), known as Savasorda of Barcelona
    Credits (see also books Overview
    This exhibit is a public service of the Institute for Dynamic Educational Advancement ( IDEA Newsletter
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    We invite you to link to any page. You can also copy or display this exhibit for noncommercial purposes, if you clearly credit WebExhibits. Legal details Feedback
    We appreciate your feedback, and read all comments but due to the volume of e-mail requests, we are unable to respond personally. You can reach us or our feedback form Credits
    Edited by Michael Douma , see additional credits below, or suggested books Sponsors
    Supported in part by the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), Time and Frequency Division, as a complement to Key contributor Calendar FAQ in 1997. This novel document used the then-new "Frequently Asked Questions" style of writing to explain the otherwise complex working of calendars in an inviting and understandable way. Since then, he has published several editions online, adding his own research and improvements from other contributors. Other text credits Various texts, including the background on our year, the introduction to the Calendars section, the Indian calendar, and the history of the Chinese calendar are adapted from L. E. Dogget.

    She talked about 3 astrological writers from the past, abraham bar hiyya, Abrahamibn Ezra and Yosef ben Eliezer, and how they applied astrology to explain
    Tour Home Index
    July 26-28 2004 W ith maybe 100 other astrologers/sholars and scientists I participated in a rather unique event a 3-day conference on Horoscopes and History which was held in the University of Amsterdam from July 26-28. The University of Amsterdam (Uva) is the only university in the world to offer an educational programm in the field of western esoterics. This minor is part of the Studies in Religions and apparently started in 1999. Historical developments and the cultural influence of alternative religious thought is the subject of study. Part of this is what is called "occult science", meaning astrology, alchemy and magic. Other subjects of study are hermetic philosophy, Paracelsus, Rosicrucians, Freemasonry, Theosophy and the rise of New Age thought. Meantime there also are Master's programmes in mysticism and Western esotericism (

    Ze sprak over 3 astrologische schrijvers uit het verleden, abraham bar hiyya,Abraham ibn Ezra en Yosef ben Eliezer, en over hoe deze probeerden astrologie
    Tour Home Index
    UvA, July 26-28 2004 Deze weekahead gaat over de afgelopen week i.p.v. de komende week omdat ik deelnam aan een unieke gebeurtenis samen met zo'n 100 andere astrologen en geleerden/wetenschappers, in een 3 daags congres over Horoscopen en Geschiedenis en De afd. "History of Hermetic Philosophy and Related Currents" organiseerde dit congres. Het ging niet over de geschiedenis van horosopen, maar over horoscopen zoals ze in de geschiedenis zijn gepubliceerd en hun mogelijke invloed. Op maandag kregen we 4 lezingen m.b.t. het algemene thema Horoscopen als Historische Bronnen. De eerste lezing was van Dr. Peter Schiller , een Duitse kunsthistoricus en auteur van Geschichte der Himmelskunde

    51. BBC - H2g2 - The History Behind The Quadratic Formula
    This particular derivation of the quadratic formula was brought to Europe byJewish mathematician/astronomer abraham bar hiyya (whose Latinised name is
    @import url('/includes/tbenh.css') ;



    A-Z Index

    29th August 2005
    Text only

    Guide ID: A2982567 (Edited)
    Edited Guide Entry SEARCH h2g2 Advanced Search New visitors: Returning members: BBC Homepage The Guide to Life The Universe and Everything 3. Everything Mathematics Created: 13th October 2004 The History Behind The Quadratic Formula Front Page What is h2g2? Who's Online Write an Entry ... Help Like this page? Send it to a friend! This is the quadratic formula, as it is taught to most of us in school: x -b a a b ac gives the solution to a generic quadratic equation of the form: ax bx c The development, or derivation, of a mathematical idea is usually as logical, deducible and rectilinear as possible. This brings about the common notion that its historical development is similarly as continuous, logical and rectilinear: one mathematician picking up an idea where another mathematician left it. Using the quadratic formula as an example, it will be shown that the historical development of mathematics is not at all rectilinear. Instead, parallel developments, interconnections and confluences can be found, which - to complicate this stuff even further - are also interrelated with social, cultural, political and religious matters. The so-called quadratic formula has been derived in the course of a few millennia to its current form, which is taught to most of us in school. This Entry will strictly concentrate on the historical development of the quadratic formula. Some mathematical background may be of use to fully understand the described development, however the maths used in this Entry will be kept at a necessary minimum.

    52. The Infancy Narratives In Matthew And Luke
    The Jewish writers abraham bar hiyya (about 1100 AD) and Isaac Abravanel (14371508)both believed that the triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in
    The Infancy Narratives in Matthew and Luke
    by James Kiefer
    PART ONE INTRODUCTION THE STAR AND THE MAGI THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM A COMET OR NOVA? Let us consider the opening of the second chapter of Matthew: + Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of + Herod the king, there came Magi from the East to Jerusalem + saying, "Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have + seen his star in the rising and have come to pay him homage." THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM A PLANETARY CONJUNCTION? AN ASTROLOGY LESSON JUPITER, SATURN, AND PISCES Matthew describes the wise men as seeing a star and deducing that it heralded the birth of a great king. Whatever else the wise men were, they were astrologers that is, they believed that the motions and appearances of the heavenly bodies foretold earthly events. Now a simple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn, such as happened every twenty years, would not seem especially significant, but a triple conjunction would receive more attention. What would astrologers of that time take it to mean? Jupiter was regarded as the royal planet, the sign of kings. Therefore the conjunction would have been taken to indicate a royal event, such as the birth of a king.

    53. HistoryMole: The Calendar (0001-1972)
    1125, abraham bar hiyya haNasi Jewish calendar. More, Has other topics associatedwith this event, Has external links generally assocated with this event

    54. Encyclopedia Of The Middle Ages: Entries (A)
    Abraham abraham bar hiyya (10651145) Abraham Ibn Da ud (early 12th C - 1180)Abraham Ibn Ezra (1089-1164/1165) Abraham s Bosom Abravanel, Isaac (1437-1508)

    Catalogue Search How to Order ... Encyclopaedia of the Middle Ages
    By André Vauchez (editor)
    Full List of Entries
    Abbo of Fleury (940-1004)
    Abbo of Saint-Germain (9th C)
    Abdisho of Nisibis (died 1318) Abduction Abelard, Peter (1079-1142) Aberdeen Abjuration Ablution Abraham Abraham bar Hiyya (1065-1145) Abraham Ibn Da'ud (early 12th C - 1180) Abraham Ibn Ezra (1089-1164/1165) Abraham's Bosom Abravanel, Isaac (1437-1508) Abruzzi Absolution Abstraction Acclamations Acolyte Acre Acrosticact and Potency Active Life, Contemplative Life Acts of Bishops Adalard of Corbie (751-826) Adalbero of Laon (950/957-1031) Adalbert of Prague (956-997) Adam and Eve Adam de la Halle Adam Marsh (De Marisco) Adam of Bremen (died 1081/1085) Adam of Petit Pont Adam of Wodeham (1298-1358) Adelard of Bath (1080-1160?) Adelhausen Adelphaton Adeodatus II, Pope (died 676) Adhemar of Chabannes (989-1034) Adhemar of Le Puy (1050-1098) Admont Ado of Vienne (died 875) Adomnán (624-704) Adoptianism Adoration Adrian I, Pope (died 795)

    55. Encyclopedia Of The Middle Ages: Contributors (L - P)
    Tony Lévy (CNRS) abraham bar hiyya. Giambattista Livi Job (Exegesis).Guy Lobrichon (College of France, Paris) Apocrypha (Biblical); Glosses on the Bible

    Catalogue Search How to Order ... Encyclopaedia of the Middle Ages
    By André Vauchez (editor)
    List of Contributors
    Paulette L’Hermite-Leclercq : Christina of Markyate; Margery Kempe; Recluse Charles-Marie de La Roncière (Univ. of Provence): Antoninus; Antonius of Florence; Poverty/The Poor (the West); Sexuality (Theology and Pastoral Teaching); Wealth Anne-Françoise Labie-Leurquin (IRHT): Morality Play Pierre Lacroix (Seminary, Lons-le-Saunier): Apostles’ Creed; Misericord (Monastic Iconography); Saint-Claude; Stalls André Laingui (Univ. of Paris II): Maxim Marielle Lamy (Univ. of Paris IV): Conception of the Virgin Mary (the West); Joseph of Nazareth (Theology); Mary The Virgin (Theology); Salve Regina Richard Landes (Boston Univ., MA): Adhemar of Chabannes; Millennium; Peace and Truce of God Hanne Lange (Univ. of Copenhagen): Numbers and Numerology Guy Lanoë (IRHT): Exultet; Initials; Latin Manuscripts Michael Lapidge (Univ. of Notre Dame): Adomnán; Ælfric; Æthelbert; Æthelwold; Aldhelm; Alfred the Great; Anglo-Saxons (Art and Culture); Augustine of Canterbury; Bede the Venerable; Beowulf; Brendan; Caedmon; Cedd; Celtic Liturgy; Clovesho; Cynewulf; Dungal; Dunstan; Edmund; Edward the Confessor; Egbert of York; England (The Anglo-Saxon Period); Fursey; Gildas; Glossaries (Latin); Hadrian of Canterbury; Hatfield; Hertford; Iona; Lindisfarne; Oswald of Northumbria; Oswald of Worcester; Ramsey; Sedulius Scottus; Theodore of Canterbury; Wearmouth-Jarrow, Whitby, Witenagemot Christian Lauranson-Rosaz (Univ. of Auvergne): Adhémar of Le Puy; Feud; Honour; Immunity; Le Puy; Missi Dominici; Pagus; Precaria; Septimania

    56. Between The Lines, Library Of The Jewish Theological Seminary
    from Constantinople; a fifteenth century Pentateuch with Rashi commentary andabraham bar hiyya s Sefer Tzurat HaAretz also from the fifteenth century.
    @import url(/global.css);
    Library Friends of The Library Between the Lines / Vol. 15, No. 2
    About JTS
    Programs of Study Student Services Library ... Support JTS The Library Image: Prato Haggadah, Spain, circa 1300, folio 6v - 7r (MS. 9478)
    Library Home
    Aleph Catalog About The Library Library Services ... News and Publications
    Between the Lines
    Vol. 15, No. 2
    Library Acting Director Named
    Naomi M. Steinberger was appointed Acting Director of The Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary for the 2002-2003 fiscal year. Ms. Steinberger has served the library for the past fifteen years in the capacity of Administrative Librarian for Public Services, Systems Librarian and Executive Librarian. Naomi Steinberger set a number of goals for this year reflecting the library's mission of collecting, preserving and making the cultural heritage of the Jewish people available in print and non-print format. In keeping with this mission Ms. Steinberger plans to expand the library's electronic-format publications, reach out to collectors for adding significant special collections for the library and fill in lacunae in the library's collection. In the area of preservation, she plans to build on the newly expanded conservation lab, supported by grants from the Andrew W. Mellon and Bernard Heller Foundations, and expand the digital preservation projects of the library's collections.

    57. Parashat Vaethanan
    1 This responsum is recorded in Sefer haIbbur (3.7) by Rabbi abraham bar hiyyaha-Nasi of Barcelona, Spain, a work composed circa 1123; cf.
    Bar-Ilan University's Parashat Hashavua Study Center
    Parashat Vaethanan
    Lectures on the weekly Torah reading by the faculty of Bar-Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. A project of the Faculty of Jewish Studies, Paul and Helene Shulman Basic Jewish Studies Center, and the Office of the Campus Rabbi. Published on the Internet under the sponsorship of Bar-Ilan University's International Center for Jewish Identity.
    Inquiries and comments to: Dr. Isaac Gottlieb, Department of Bible,
    Parashat Vaethanan 5759/1999 Can Astronomy Help Determine When the Hebrew Calendar was Founded? Yaakov Lewinger, Eng. Tel Aviv One verse in this week's portion has been singled out by the Talmud to refer to the Jewish calendar: "'For that will be proof of your wisdom and discernment' (Deut. 4:6)This [wisdom and discernment] refers to calculation of the seasons and zodiac signs" ( Shabbat 75a). Further, Rambam tells us that "computing the seasons and months means the science of astronomy" (Maimonides, Resp.

    58. BOOK
    “abraham bar hiyya”. “Dunash Ibn Tamim”. “alKhiraqi”. “Ibn al-Haytham”. “Judah ben Solomon”. “Isaac Ibn Sid”. ENCYCLOPAEDIA ARTICLES
    BOOKS îùâá éøåùìéí. éøåùìéí úùî"æ, 187 òî'. Ibn al- Haytham’s On the Configuration of the World, Garland Publishing, New York and London , 1990, 280+97 pp. Yemenite Midrash Philosophical Commentaries on the Torah. An Anthology of Writings from the Golden Age of Judaism in the Yemen Harpercollins Publishers, 1996, 351 pp. The Jews and the Sciences in the Middle Ages Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., Aldershot , 1999, 346 pp.
    Shlomo Pines Studies in Islamic Atomism , translated from the German by Michael Schwarz, edited by Tzvi Langermann Magnes Press, Jerusalem , 1997, 212 pp. Science in Context , vol. 10, no. 3, Judaism and the Sciences , edited by Y. Tzvi Langermann (guest editor) and Snait Gissis ARTICLES “A Note on the Use of the Term orbis falak in Ibn al- Haytham’s Maqala fi Hay’at al-’ alam Archives internationales d’histoire des sciences “The Mathematical Writings of Maimonides Jewish Quarterly Review, “The Book of Bodies and Distances of Habash al- Hasib Centaurus “ñôø 'îèä òåæ' ìø' éöç÷ âàåï". ëøê ö"ç, úùî"å, øèå-øëá.

    59. The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias Of Science And Philo...-Springer Philosophie (
    The First Hebrew Encyclopedia of Science abraham bar hiyya s Yesodei haTevunahu-Migdal ha-Emunah; M. Rubio. 7. Encyclopedic Aspects of Abraham ibn Ezra s,11855,1-40361-22-33724729-deta
    Diese Website ist optimiert f¼r die Benutzung mit Java Script. Weitere Fachgebiete Bibliothekswissenschaften Geschichte Interdisziplin¤re Studien Kulturwissenschaften Religion Home Geisteswissenschaften
    Zu den Fachbereichen Biomedizin Chemie Erziehungswissenschaften Geisteswissenschaften Geographie Geowissenschaften Informatik Life Sciences Linguistik Materialwissenschaften Mathematik Medizin Pharmazie Philosophie Psychologie Public Health Rechtswissenschaft Sozialwissenschaften Statistik Technik Umweltwissenschaften Volkswirtschaftslehre preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900180-0,00.gif'); preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900170-0,00.gif'); preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900190-0,00.gif'); preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900200-0,00.gif'); preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900369-0,00.gif'); preloadImage('/sgw/cda/pageitems/designobject/cda_displaydesignobject/0,11978,1-0-17-900344-0,00.gif');

    60. Jewish Heritage Online Magazine
    abraham bar hiyya (Spain, early 12th century), and Eleazar of Worms (Germany, c.1200), rationalized that the stars affect people s behavior and are
    Throughout the ages, reports of a birth have often included the hope that the baby had been born be-mazal tov , or be-siman tov , followed by the traditional blessing that the child grow up to a life of Torah, to marry, and perform good deeds. The announcement of a birth in a Jewish family today is greeted customarily by family and friends with the same Hebrew words, expressing hope that the infant was born with good luck under a good sign, siman , or star, mazal . The Talmud uses mazal to mean "star" or "constellation"; this word has come to mean "luck" through the historical popularity of astrology. Talmudic sages discussed the effects of the celestial configuration on the night of birth on a person later in life and expected similarities between two people born under the same star. For example, one sage proposed that a person born on Sunday would be distinguished; on Monday, wrathful; on Tuesday, wealthy and sensual; on Wednesday, intelligent and enlightened; on Thursday, benevolent; on Friday, pious. If born on the Sabbath, he was destined to die on a Sabbath. Astrologers estimated that the influence of the ruling planet at the hour of birth could be decisive in determining character, health, and longevity. For example, someone born under the influence of Venus could become rich and adulterous, whereas someone born under Jupiter was more likely to become a righteous observer of commandments. The manner in which the celestial configuration governed behavior remained controversial among Jews for many centuries, however. Nevertheless, someone born under a favorable constellation was considered lucky, whereas if the ruling planet was likely to have unpleasant influences, a person would have to use intelligence and judgment to overcome expected ill effects.

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