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         Plato:     more books (98)
  1. The Republic by Plato, 2009-10-04
  2. The Laws by Plato, 2010-07-22
  3. Apology: On the Death of Socrates by Plato, 2010-03-16
  4. Plato: Crito (BCP Greek Texts) by C. Emlyn Jones, 2010-07-15
  5. Introduction to the Philosophy and Writings of Plato by Thomas Taylor, 2010-07-06
  6. Plato and a Platypus Walk into a Bar . . .: Understanding Philosophy Through Jokes by Thomas Cathcart, Daniel Klein, 2008-06-24
  7. Apology, Crito and Phaedo of Socrates (Classic Reprint) by Plato Plato, 2010-04-19
  8. The Sophist by Plato, 2010-05-11
  9. Euthyphro by Plato, 2010-05-23
  10. Plato: Republic by Plato, G. M. A. Grube, et all 1992-11
  11. Eryxias by Plato, 2010-01-29
  12. Menexenus by Plato, 2010-05-23
  13. Alcibiades II by Plato, 2010-01-30
  14. The Republic (Penguin Classics) by Plato, 2007-09-14

1. Plato - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia articles covering the life and works of the ancient Greek philosopher.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation search Western Philosophy
Ancient philosophy
Plato Name Plato (Πλάτων) Birth c. 423 BC Athens Death c. 347 BC , Athens School/tradition Platonism Main interests Rhetoric Art Literature Epistemology ... Militarism Notable ideas Platonic realism Influenced by Socrates Homer Hesiod Aristophanes ... Orphism Influenced Aristotle Neoplatonism Cicero Plutarch ... Gadamer and countless other western philosophers and theologians This article is part of the series
Plato Early life of Plato For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation) Plato Greek Pl¡tōn , "wide, broad-browed" 423 BC [a] 347 BC ), was a Classical Greek philosopher . Together with his teacher, Socrates , and his student, Aristotle , Plato helped to lay the philosophical foundations of Western culture Plato was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in the western world. Plato was originally a student of Socrates, and was as much influenced by his thinking as by what he saw as his teacher's unjust death. Plato's brilliance as a writer and thinker can be witnessed by reading his Socratic dialogues. Some of the dialogues, letters, and other works that are ascribed to him are considered spurious.

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3. Plato
A brief discussion of the life and works of plato, with links to electronic texts and additional information.
Philosophy Pages
Dictionary Study Guide ... Locke

427-347 BCE
Life and Works
Socratic method

Knowing Virtue
Internet Sources
The son of wealthy and influential Athenian parents, Plato began his philosophical career as a student of Socrates . When the master died, Plato travelled to Egypt and Italy, studied with students of Pythagoras , and spent several years advising the ruling family of Syracuse. Eventually, he returned to Athens and established his own school of philosophy at the Academy. For students enrolled there, Plato tried both to pass on the heritage of a Socratic style of thinking and to guide their progress through mathematical learning to the achievement of abstract philosophical truth. The written dialogues on which his enduring reputation rests also serve both of these aims. In his earliest literary efforts, Plato tried to convey the spirit of Socrates's teaching by presenting accurate reports of the master's conversational interactions , for which these dialogues are our primary source of information. Early dialogues are typically devoted to investigation of a single issue, about which a conclusive result is rarely achieved. Thus, the Euqufrwn Euthyphro ) raises a significant doubt about whether morally right action can be defined in terms of divine approval by pointing out a significant dilemma about any appeal to authority in defence of moral judgments. The

4. Greek Philosophy: Plato
The most famous of Socrates s pupils was an aristocratic young man named plato. After the death of Socrates, plato carried on much of his former teacher s


The Republic , and, next to his account of Socrates's trial, The Apology The Republic is one of the single most influential works in Western philosophy. Essentially, it deals with the central problem of how to live a good life; this inquiry is shaped into the parallel questions (a) what is justice in the State, or what would an ideal State be like, and (b) what is a just individual? Naturally these questions also encompass many others, such as how the citizens of a state should be educated, what kinds of arts should be encouraged, what form its government should take, who should do the governing and for what rewards, what is the nature of the soul, and finally what (if any) divine sanctions and afterlife should be thought to exist. The dialogue, then, covers just about every aspect of Plato's thought. There are several central aspects to the dialogue that sum up Platonic thought extremely well: a.) what the nature of justice is; b.) the nature of an ideal republic; and c.) the allegory of the cave and the divided line, both of which explain Plato's theory of forms. The Nature of Justice . The question which opens this immense dialogue is: what is justice? Several inadequate definitions are put forward, but the most emphatically presented definition is given by a young Sophist, Thrasymachus. He defines justice as whatever the strongest decide it is, and that the strong decide that whatever is in their best interest is just (review again the Athenian position in

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7. Plato [Internet Encyclopedia Of Philosophy]
Includes biography and a chronological history of his writing and work. From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Plato (c. 427-347 B.C.E)
Plato is one of the world's best known and most widely read and studied philosophers. Known as the student of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, he wrote in the middle of the fourth century B.C.E. His earliest works are regarded as the most reliable of the ancient sources on Socrates. His later works, including his most famous work, the Republic, blend ethics, political philosophy, moral psychology, epistemology, and metaphysics into an interconnected and systematic philosophy. It is most of all from Plato that we get the theory of Forms, according to which the world we know through the senses is only an imitation of the pure, eternal, and unchanging world of the Forms. Plato's works also contain the origins of the familiar complaint that the arts work by inflaming the passions, the ideal of "Platonic love," and the myth of Atlantis.
Table of Contents (Clicking on the links below will take you to those parts of this article) 1. Biography
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a. Birth

8. Plato (Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy)
plato (429347 B.C.E.) is, by any reckoning, one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most penetrating,
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First published Sat 20 Mar, 2004
1. Plato's central doctrines
Meno ), and that the lives we lead are to some extent a punishment or reward for choices we made in a previous existence (see especially the final pages of Republic
2. Plato's puzzles
Although these propositions are often identified by Plato's readers as forming a large part of the core of his philosophy, many of his greatest admirers and most careful students point out that few, if any, of his writings can accurately be described as mere advocacy of a cut-and-dried group of propositions. Often Plato's works exhibit a certain degree of dissatisfaction and puzzlement with even those doctrines that are being recommended for our consideration. For example, the forms are sometimes described as hypotheses (see for example Phaedo ). The form of good in particular is described as something of a mystery whose real nature is elusive and as yet unknown (

9. Plato And His Dialogues : Home
A new interpretation of plato s dialogues as a progressive program of education for philosopherkings, unfolding in seven tetralogies from Alcibiades to
Bernard SUZANNE Last updated January 3rd, 2007 Plato and his dialogues : Home - Biography Works and links to them History of interpretation New hypotheses - Map of dialogues : table version or non tabular version . Tools : Index of persons and locations Detailed and synoptic chronologies - Maps of Ancient Greek World . Site information : About the author Map of the site
Platon et ses dialogues
Plato and his dialogues
by Bernard SUZANNE "The safest general characterization
of the European philosophical tradition
is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato"

A. N. Whitehead, Process and Reality Above: p ortrait of Plato after an original sculpted by Silanion around 370 B. C. Thasos ; below, fragment of a mosaic from the Saint-Gregory Convent in Rome exhibiting the inscription in Greec "gnôti sauton", meaning "Know thyself", Rome, National Museum of the Thermae. Plato is probably one of the greatest philosophers of all times, if not the greatest. Yet, he was one of the first philosophers, at least in the western philosophical tradition that was born in Greece a few hundred years BC., and anyway he is the first one whose complete works are still available to us. But if we have more than we would bargain for in terms of writings attributed to Plato, as some of the dialogues and letters transmitted to us under his name are obviously not his, we have very little data on his life and literary activity. As a result, many conflicting theories have been developed by scholars of various times regarding the interpretation of Plato's dialogues and their chronology to the extent it bears on that interpretation. This set of pages intends to present a new theory on the interpretation of Plato's dialogues and "philosophy".

10. The Internet Classics Archive | Works By Plato
List of works by plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive.



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Works by Plato

Translated by Benjamin Jowett
Read discussion
Charmides, or Temperance
Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 3 comments Cratylus Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 3 comments Critias Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 25 comments Crito Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 27 comments Euthydemus Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 2 comments Euthyphro Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 11 comments Gorgias Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 22 comments Ion Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 10 comments Laches, or Courage Written 380 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : No comments Laws Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett Read discussion : 9 comments Lysis, or Friendship

11. Plato Summary
the reality which scientific thought is seeking must be expressible in mathematical terms, mathematics being the most precise and definite kind of
427 BC - 347 BC
Click the picture above
to see seven larger pictures Plato is one of the most important Greek philosophers. He founded the Academy in Athens, an institution devoted to research and instruction in philosophy and the sciences. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very influencial and laid the foundations for Euclid's systematic approach to mathematics. Full MacTutor biography [Version for printing] List of References (43 books/articles) Some Quotations A Poster of Plato Mathematicians born in the same country Show birthplace location Additional Material in MacTutor
  • Plato describes the planets
  • D'Arcy Thompson on Plato and Planets
  • Plato on Mathematics Honours awarded to Plato
    (Click below for those honoured in this way) Lunar features Crater Plato Other Web sites
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia
  • Gutenberg Project (Some of Plato's works)
  • Columbia University (Texts by Plato)
  • Evansville
  • Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • S M Cohen (Plato's Phaedo
  • S M Cohen (Plato's Timaeus
  • Kevin Brown (Platonic solids)
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Mark Harden's Artchive The School of Athens by Raphael) Previous (Chronologically) Next Main Index Previous (Alphabetically) Next Biographies index JOC/EFR © January 1999 The URL of this page is:
  • 12. Plato - History For Kids!
    plato is known today as one of the greatest philosophers of all time. He was born about 429 BC, close to the time when Pericles died, and he died in 347 BC,
    Plato for Kids - the ancient Greek philosopher
    Plato is known today as one of the greatest philosophers of all time. He was born about 429 BC , close to the time when Pericles died, and he died in 347 BC, just after the birth of Alexander the Great . Plato was born in Athens, to a very wealthy and aristocratic family. Many of his relatives were involved with Athenian politics, though Plato himself was not.
    When Plato was a young man, he went to listen to Socrates , and learned a lot from Socrates about how to think, and what sort of questions to think about. When Socrates was killed in 399 BC , Plato was very upset (He was 30 years old when Socrates died) . Plato began to write down some of the conversations he had heard Socrates have. Practically everything we know about Socrates comes from what Plato wrote down. After a while, though, Plato began to write down his own ideas about philosophy instead of just writing down Socrates ' ideas. One of his earlier works is the Republic, which describes what Plato thought would be a better form of government than the government of Athens. Plato thought that most people were pretty stupid, and so they should not be voting about what to do. Instead, the best people should be chosen to be the Guardians of the rest. (Remember Plato was from a rich aristocratic family so he probably considered himself among the best people!). Plato also thought a lot about the natural world and how it works. He thought that everything had a sort of ideal form, like the idea of a chair, and then an actual chair was a sort of poor imitation of the ideal chair that exists only in your mind. One of the ways Plato tried to explain his ideas was with the famous metaphor of the cave. He said, Suppose there is a cave, and inside the cave there are some men chained up to a wall, so that they can only see the back wall of the cave and nothing else. These men can't see anything outside of the cave, or even see each other clearly, but they can see shadows of what is going on outside the cave. Wouldn't these prisoners come to think that the shadows were real, and that was what things really looked like?

    13. Plato --  Britannica Online Encyclopedia
    Britannica online encyclopedia article on plato ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the great trio of ancient GreeksSocrates, plato, and Aristotlewho
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    Introduction Life The Academy and Sicily Formative influences General features of the dialogues ... The later dialogues Major Works Works Texts Recommended later editions Additional Reading General studies Commentaries Special topics Anthologies ... Print this Table of Contents Linked Articles Megarian school General features of the dialogues Dion Shopping
    New! Britannica Book of the Year

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    Page 1 of 24 born 428/427 BC , Athens, or Aegina, Greece died 348/347, Athens ancient Greek Socrates , Plato, and Aristotle metaphysical aspects; but its underlying motivation is ethical. It sometimes relies upon conjectures and myth, and it is occasionally mystical in tone; but fundamentally Plato is a rationalist, devoted to the proposition that reason must be followed wherever it leads. Thus the core of Plato's philosophy is a rationalistic ethics. Special Offer!

    14. CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Plato And Platonism
    plato (platon, the broad shouldered ) was born at Athens in 428 or 427 B.C. He came of an aristocratic and wealthy family, although some writers
    Home Encyclopedia Summa Fathers ... P > Plato and Platonism
    Plato and Platonism
    Plato ( Platon , "the broad shouldered") was born at Athens in 428 or 427 B.C. He came of an aristocratic and wealthy family , although some writers represented him as having felt the stress of poverty. Doubtless he profited by the educational facilities afforded young men of his class at Athens . When about twenty years old he met Socrates , and the intercourse, which lasted eight or ten years, between master and pupil was the decisive influence in Plato's philosophical career. Before meeting Socrates he had, very likely, developed an interest in the earlier philosophers , and in schemes for the betterment of political conditions at Athens . At an early age he devoted himself to poetry. All these interests, however, were absorbed in the pursuit of wisdom to which, under the guidance of Socrates , he ardently devoted himself. After the death of Socrates he joined a group of the Socratic disciples gathered at Megara under the leadership of Euclid. Later he travelled in Egypt , Magna Graecia, and Sicily . His profit from these journeys has been exagerrated by some biographers. There can, however, be no

    15. Journal Of The International Plato Society
    Refereed publication for the promotion of international dialogue on plato across different languages and scholarly approaches.
    Home Plato 1 Plato 2 Plato 3 ... Die Internet-Zeitschrift der Internationalen Platon-Gesellschaft
    © The several contributors and in this collection as a whole Dimitri El Murr and Gretchen J. Reydams-Schils 2007. Committee of the International Plato Society John Dillon (President, Dublin) Luc Brisson (Vice-President, Paris)
    Michael Erler (Past President, Würzburg)
    Alvaro Vallejo Campos (Granada) Francisco Bravo (Caracas)
    François Renaut (Moncoton) Maurizio Migliori (Macerata) Noburu Notomi (Tokyo) Abraham Bos (C.J. De Vogel Foundation, Amsterdam)
    The aim of this journal is to promote international dialogue on Plato across different languages and scholarly approaches. The journal has been established by the International Plato Society, founded in 1989 ( ). The Society also holds triennial symposia and occasional additional activities and supports regional Plato Societies. It also sponsors the publication of scholarly books on Plato, in collaboration with Academia Verlag, Sankt Augustin (

    16. Plato Quotes - The Quotations Page
    Read the works of plato online at The Literature Page plato, Dialogues, Parmenides; False words are not only evil in themselves, but they infect the
    Quotation Search by keyword or author:
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    Plato (427 BC - 347 BC)
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    Showing quotations 1 to 30 of 40 total We have 2 book reviews related to Plato.
    Read the works of Plato online
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    Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.
    Death is not the worst that can happen to men.
    If women are expected to do the same work as men, we must teach them the same things.
    Plato - More quotations on: [ Men And Women
    Ignorance, the root and the stem of every evil.
    Plato - More quotations on: [ Ignorance
    Laws are partly formed for the sake of good men, in order to instruct them how they may live on friendly terms with one another, and partly for the sake of those who refuse to be instructed, whose spirit cannot be subdued, or softened, or hindered from plunging into evil.
    Plato - More quotations on: [ Laws a tame or civilized animal; never the less, he requires proper instruction and a fortunate nature, and then of all animals he becomes the most divine and most civilized; but if he be insufficiently or ill- educated he is the most savage of earthly creatures.
    Never discourage anyone... who continually makes progress, no matter how slow.

    17. PLATO: The Emergence Of Online Community
    Two decades before the World Wide Web came on the scene, the plato system pioneered online forums and message boards, email, chat rooms, instant messaging,
    PLATO: The Emergence of Online Community
    David R. Woolley An earlier version of this article appeared in the January 1994 issue of Matrix News
    Two decades before the World Wide Web came on the scene, the PLATO system pioneered online forums and message boards, email, chat rooms, instant messaging, remote screen sharing, and multiplayer games, leading to the emergence of what was perhaps the world's first online community.
    The PLATO system was designed for Computer-Based Education. But for many people, PLATO's most enduring legacy is the online community spawned by its communication features. PLATO originated in the early 1960's at the Urbana campus of the University of Illinois. Professor Don Bitzer became interested in using computers for teaching, and with some colleagues founded the Computer-based Education Research Laboratory (CERL). Bitzer, an electrical engineer, collaborated with a few other engineers to design the PLATO hardware. To write the software, he collected a staff of creative eccentrics ranging from university professors to high school students, few of whom had any computer background. Together they built a system that was at least a decade ahead of its time in many ways. PLATO is a timesharing system. (It was, in fact, one of the first timesharing systems to be operated in public.) Both courseware authors and their students use the same high-resolution graphics display terminals, which are connected to a central mainframe. A special-purpose programming language called TUTOR is used to write educational software.

    18. Plato.
    To plato society was to break down to those few who were to be the philosopher kings, and the rest of us, who were to be treated like labouring beasts of

    (427-348 BC) Plato was born in Athens. Coming from a noble family, he aspired to a political career, but soon became upset with the "tyrannic democracy" of Athens, especially when it put his teacher, Socrates (469-399 BC) to death. Plato "turned to philosophy in search of an alternative to the stable and unjust public life of the time. He also sought unity behind the changing impressions of the visible universe." In Athens, Plato, eventually set up a school known as the Academy. Plato believed that there was another world beyond this changeable and destructible one in which we live, one consisting of unchanging eternal Forms. He asserted that what we see and touch are only very distantly related to the ultimate realities that exist. He gives, in his work the Republic , the famous comparison of the human condition with that of prisoners chained facing the inner wall of a cave, so that all they can see are mere shadows of objects in the cave, knowing nothing of the world outside. An example of one of the ultimate realities is Euclidean geometry with its theorems concerning ideal objects that do not and cannot exist in the three dimensional world in which we live, ideal objects such as straight lines without thickness and perfect circles, and other such timeless objects. And just as there are no perfect circles in this world we can not have morally perfect men, no absolutely perfect examples of courage or justice; we can only imagine perfectly moral standards. Drawing a distinct line of demarcation between the Ideal and the actual world, defines the "dualist." Such a belief does not define a religionist, but such a philosophy lends itself to a religious interpretation that the soul, or mind, is a non-material entity which can exist apart from the body of man, and that the soul is immaterial and immortal; - divine worship soon ensues. Though Plato does not go into any definitive statements on the subject of religion

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    20. Island Of Freedom - Plato
    Art, Science, and Transcendence a comparison between Tolstoy and plato compares plato s doctrine of Eros with Tolstoy s expression theory of art
    Island of Freedom Plato Aristotle Aurelius Plotinus ... Wittgenstein To make light of philosophy is to be a true philosopher. Blaise Pascal Home Theologians Philosophers Poets ... Siddhartha
    427-347 B.C.

    Plato and his dialogues

    Art, Science, and Transcendence: a comparison between Tolstoy and Plato
    - compares Plato's doctrine of Eros with Tolstoy's expression theory of art
    On-line Works by Plato

    Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. His father, Ariston, was believed to have descended from the early kings of Athens. Perictione, his mother, was distantly related to the 6th-century B.C. lawmaker Solon. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles. As a young man Plato had political ambitions, but he became disillusioned by the political leadership in Athens. He eventually became a disciple of Socrates, accepting his basic philosophy and dialectical style of debate: the pursuit of truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. Plato witnessed the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C. Perhaps fearing for his own safety, he left Athens temporarily and traveled to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt.
    In 389 B.C. he founded the "Academy" in Athens, the institution often described as the first European university. It provided a comprehensive curriculum, including such subjects as astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory, and philosophy. The main purpose of the Academy was to cultivate thought to lead to a restoration of decent government in the cities of Greece. Pursuing an opportunity to combine philosophy and practical politics, Plato went to Sicily in 367 to tutor the new ruler of Syracuse, Dionysius the Younger, in the art of philosophical rule. The experiment failed. Plato made another trip to Syracuse in 361, but again his engagement in Sicilian affairs met with little success. The concluding years of his life were spent lecturing at the Academy and writing. He died at about the age of 80 in Athens in 347 B.C.

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